(US20200255362) Process for recovering close boiling products 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

源语言标题
(US20200255362) Process for recovering close boiling products
公开号/公开日
US20200255362 / 2020-08-13
申请号/申请日
US16/723,354 / 2019-12-20
发明人
GAO ALLAN HAIMINGCONRADO ROBERT JOHNGRIFFIN DEREK WAYNETIAN PENG;
申请人
LANZATECH;
主分类号
IPC分类号
C07C-029/84
摘要
(US20200255362) The disclosure is directed to a method for recovering products from a fermentation broth. The disclosure relates to the use of extractive distillation and/or dehydration to recover products which have close boiling points, such as ethanol and isopropanol, from a fermentation broth. In an embodiment, the recovery of product is completed in a manner that minimizes stress on the microbial biomass, such that it remains viable, at least in part, and may be recycled and reused in the fermentation process, which may result in increased efficiency in the fermentation process. The extractive distillation vessel and/or dehydration reactor may be used downstream of a distillation vessel. To minimize stress on the microbial biomass the distillation vessel may be under vacuum. The extractive distillation vessel may be used alongside a separation vessel such that the separation vessel is capable of recycling extractive distillation agent.
机翻摘要
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地址
代理人
代理机构
;
优先权号
2019US-16723354 2019US-62803120
主权利要求
(US20200255362) 1. A method for recovering product from a fermentation broth, the method comprising:   a. passing a fermentation broth comprising microbial biomass, ethanol, and isopropanol from a bioreactor to a vacuum distillation vessel;   b. partially vaporizing the fermentation broth to produce a product enriched stream, the product enriched stream comprising ethanol and isopropanol, and a product depleted stream, the product depleted stream comprising microbial biomass;   c. passing at least a portion of the product depleted stream back to the bioreactor;   d. passing at least a portion of product enriched stream to an extractive distillation vessel; and   e. distilling the product enriched stream in the extractive distillation vessel in the presence of an extractive distillation agent to obtain an overhead product and distillation bottoms, wherein:    i. at least a portion of the ethanol is recovered in the overhead product and at least a portion of the isopropanol is recovered in the distillation bottoms; or    ii. at least a portion of the isopropanol is recovered in the overhead product and at least a portion of the ethanol is recovered in the distillation bottoms. 2. The method of claim 1,   wherein at least a portion of the ethanol is recovered in the overhead product and at least a portion of the isopropanol is recovered in the distillation bottoms; and   wherein the extractive distillation agent comprises at least one material selected from the group consisting of alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, methyl isobutyl ketone, limonene, alpha-phellandrene, alpha-terpinene, myrcene, carane, p-mentha-1,5-diene, butyl ether, 1-methoxy-2-propanol, n-butyl acetate, n-amyl acetate, benzyl acetate, ethylene glycol ethyl ether acetate, methyl acetoacetate, ethylene glycol diacetate, 2-butoxyethyl acetate, methyl butyrate, ethyl propionate, ethyl n-valerate, butyl benzoate, ethyl benzoate, pyridine, N,N-dimethyl aniline, o-sec.butyl phenol, 3-isopropyl phenol, 2,6-dimethyl phenol, o-tert.butyl phenol, 4-ethyl phenol, diethyl phthalate, diisooctyl phthalate, dimethyl adipate, glycerine triacetate, diethyl malonate, dimethyl glutarate, tetrahydrofuran, ethylene glycol phenyl ether, dipropylene glycol methyl ether acetate, diethylene glycol hexyl ether, propoxypropanol, butoxypropanol, p-xylene glycol dimethyl ether, diethylene glycol t-butyl ether methyl ether, triethylene glycol diacetate, anisole, phenetole, phenyl ether, 1,2-methylenedioxybenzene, isophorone, ethyl-3-ethoxypropionate, tetraethylorthosilicate, 2-hydroxyacetophenone, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, tetrachloroethylene, 2,2,2-trichloroethanol, m-dichlorebenzene, chlorobenzene, 2,6-dichlorotoluene, 1-chlorohexane, diethylene glycol, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethylformamide, sulfolane, isophorone, 2-pyrrolidione, 1-methyl-2pyrrolindinone, isodecyl alcohol, cyclododecanol, benzyl alcohol, 1-dodecanol, tridecyl alcohol, phenethyl alcohol, cyclohexanol, cyclopentanol, 2-nitropropane, 1-nitropropane, nitro-ethane, nitromethane, 3-nitrotoluene, 2-nitrotoluene, triacetin, 3-nitro-o-xylene, 1,4-dioxane, isobutyl acetate, ethyl butyrate, isoamyl formate, methyl caproate, ethyl caproate, propyl caproate, 1-methoxy-2-propanol acetate, isobutyl isobutyrate, hexyl acetate, ethyl isobutyrate, propyl butyrate, isobutyl butyrate, isobornyl acetate, 1,3-dioxolane, nitrobenzene, butyl butyrate, 4-methyl-2-pentanone, and polyethylene glycol 400. 3. The method of claim 1,   wherein at least a portion of the isopropanol is recovered in the overhead product and at least a portion of the ethanol is recovered in the distillation bottoms; and   wherein the extractive distillation agent comprises at least one material selected from the group consisting of ethyl benzene, toluene, p-xylene, heptane, phenol, and 2-tert-butyl phenol. 4. The method of claim 1, wherein the product enriched stream is passed to a rectification column prior to being passed to the extractive distillation vessel. 5. The method of claim 1, wherein the extractive distillation agent is added to the extractive distillation vessel at least at a 5:1 extractive distillation agent to isopropanol ratio or at least a 5:1 extractive distillation agent to ethanol ratio. 6. The method of claim 1, wherein the fermentation broth further comprises one or more by-product selected from the group consisting of acetic acid, acetone, 3-hydroxybutyrate, isobutanol, n-propanol, n-butanol, and/or 2,3-butanediol. 7. The method of claim 6, wherein at least a portion of at least one by-product is removed through a side draw. 8. The method of claim 6, wherein at least a portion of the 3-hydroxybuterate, isobutanol, n-propanol, and/or n-butanol are removed through a side draw. 9. The method of claim 1, wherein the fermentation broth further comprises acetone, at least a portion of the acetone being recycled to the bioreactor. 10. The method of claim 1, wherein the extractive distillation vessel is heat integrated. 11. The method of claim 1, further comprising:   passing the distillation bottoms to a separation vessel to produce an isopropanol-enriched stream or an ethanol-enriched stream; and an extractive distillation agent enriched stream; and   passing at least a portion of the extractive distillation agent enriched stream to the extractive distillation vessel. 12. The method of claim 1, wherein the bioreactor defines a volume of fermentation broth, the fermentation broth being passed to the vacuum distillation vessel at a feed rate, the feed rate being defined in terms of bioreactor volumes per hour, the feed rate being between 0.05 and 0.5. 13. The method of claim 1, wherein the fermentation broth defines a residence time, the residence time being defined as an amount of time the fermentation broth is within the vacuum distillation vessel, the residence time being between 0.5 and 15 minutes. 14. The method of claim 1, wherein the vacuum distillation vessel defines a separation section comprised of a series of distillation trays. 15. The method of claim 1, wherein the vacuum distillation vessel defines a separation section comprised of more than three distillation stages. 16. The method of claim 1, wherein the vacuum distillation vessel defines a separation section comprised of a packing material. 17. The method of claim 1, wherein the product depleted stream comprises microbial biomass that is at least 20 percent viable. 18. The method of claim 1, wherein the product depleted stream comprises less than 10% of the ethanol and isopropanol in the fermentation broth. 19. The method of claim 1, wherein the vacuum distillation vessel defines a pressure drop over a height of the vacuum distillation vessel, the pressure drop being less than 3.2 kPa (absolute). 20. The method of claim 1, wherein the vacuum distillation vessel is operated at a pressure between 4 kPa (absolute) and 10 kPa (absolute). 21. The method of claim 1, wherein the vacuum distillation vessel is operated at a temperature between 30° C. and 50° C. 22. The method of claim 1, wherein the product depleted stream is passed to a cooling means to reduce the temperature of the product depleted stream prior to the product depleted stream being passed to the bioreactor. 23. The method of claim 22, wherein the temperature of the product depleted stream is between 30° C. and 40° C. 24. The method of claim 1, further comprising degassing at least a portion of the fermentation broth prior to passing the fermentation broth to the vacuum distillation vessel. 25. The method of claim 1, wherein the bioreactor is operated under conditions for fermentation of a C1-containing gas from an industrial process. 26. The method of claim 25, wherein the industrial process is selected from the group comprising: carbohydrate fermentation, gas fermentation, cement making, pulp and paper making, steel making, oil refining and associated processes, petrochemical production, coke production, anaerobic or aerobic digestion, gasification, pyrolysis, torrefaction, natural gas extraction, oil extraction, metallurgical processes, and catalytic processes. 27. A method for recovering product from a product enriched stream, the method comprising:   passing a product enriched stream, comprising ethanol and isopropanol, to a dehydration reactor;   dehydrating the product enriched stream to produce a dehydrated product stream comprising ethylene and propylene, and a water-rich stream; and   passing the water-rich stream to the bioreactor. 28. The method of claim 27, wherein at least a portion of the product enriched stream is received from a vacuum distillation vessel operated at conditions to partially vaporize a fermentation broth comprising microbial biomass, ethanol, and isopropanol, to produce the product enriched stream and a product depleted stream comprising microbial biomass. 29. The method of claim 27, wherein at least a portion of the product enriched stream is received from a distillation vessel operated at conditions to distill a fermentation broth comprising ethanol, isopropanol, and water to produce a product enriched stream comprising ethanol and isopropanol and a product depleted stream comprising water. 30. The method of claim 27, wherein the bioreactor is operated under conditions for fermentation of a C1-containing gas from an industrial process. 31. The method of claim 27, wherein the dehydration reactor is operated at a temperature between 200° C. and 500° C. 32. The method of claim 27, wherein the dehydration reactor is operated at a pressure from 0 MPa (gauge) to 8.3 MPa (gauge). 33. The method of claim 27, wherein the product enriched stream is passed to the dehydration reactor at a weight hourly space velocity between 0.1 h−1 to 30 h−1. 34. The method of claim 27, wherein the product enriched stream comprises 20 to 100 wt. % ethanol. 35. The method of claim 27, wherein the dehydration reactor comprises at least one catalyst selected from the group consisting of alumina, modified alumina, crystalline or amorphous silicoaluminate, and modified silicoaluminate. 36. The method of claim 27, wherein at least a portion of the dehydrated product stream is further converted to at least portion of a hydrocarbon fuel. 37. The method of claim 27, wherein at least a portion of the dehydrated product stream is polymerized. 38. The method of claim 37, wherein at least a portion of the dehydrated product stream is separated into an ethylene-rich stream and a propylene-rich stream prior to being polymerized. 39. A method for recovering product from a product enriched stream, the method comprising:   a. passing a product enriched stream, comprising ethanol and isopropanol, to an extractive distillation vessel; and   b. distilling the product enriched stream in the presence of an extractive distillation agent to obtain an overhead product and distillation bottoms, wherein    i. at least a portion of the isopropanol is recovered in the overhead product and at least a portion of the ethanol is recovered in the distillation bottoms; or    ii. at least a portion of the ethanol is recovered in the overhead product and at least a portion of the isopropanol is recovered in the distillation bottoms. 40. The method of claim 39, wherein at least a portion of the product enriched stream is received from a distillation vessel operated at conditions to distill a fermentation broth comprising ethanol, isopropanol, and water to produce a product enriched stream comprising ethanol and isopropanol and a product depleted stream comprising water.
法律状态
PENDING
专利类型码
A1
国别省市代码
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