Small-Molecule G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase Inhibitors Attenuate G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 2-Mediated Desensitization of Vasoconstrictor-Induced Arterial Contractions 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

来源
Molecular pharmacology.
年/卷/期
2018 / 94 / 3
页码
1079-1091
ISSN号
0026-895X
作者单位
Univ Leicester, Glenfield Gen Hosp, Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Clin Sci Wing, Leicester, Leics, England;Univ Leicester, Glenfield Gen Hosp, Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Clin Sci Wing, Leicester, Leics, England;Univ Leicester, Glenfield Gen Hosp, Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Clin Sci Wing, Leicester, Leics, England;Univ Leicester, Glenfield Gen Hosp, Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Clin Sci Wing, Leicester, Leics, England;Univ Leicester, Dept Mol & Cell Biol, Henry Wellcome Bldg,Lancaster Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics;Univ Michigan, Life Sci Inst, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA;Univ Michigan, Life Sci Inst, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA;Univ Leicester, Dept Mol & Cell Biol, Henry Wellcome Bldg,Lancaster Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics;Univ Leicester, Dept Mol & Cell Biol, Henry Wellcome Bldg,Lancaster Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics;
作者
Rainbow, Richard D.;Brennan, Sean;Jackson, Robert;Beech, Alison J.;Bengreed, Amal;Waldschmidt, Helen, V;Tesmer, John J. G.;Challiss, R. A. John;Willets, Jonathon M.;
摘要
Vasoconstrictor-driven G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)/phospholipase C (PLC) signaling increases intracellular Ca2+ concentration to mediate arterial contraction. To counteract vasoconstrictor-induced contraction, GPCR/PLC signaling can be desensitized by G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs), with GRK2 playing a predominant role in isolated arterial smooth muscle cells. In this study, we use an array of GRK2 inhibitors to assess their effects on the desensitization of UTP and angiotensin II (AngII)-mediated arterial contractions. The effects of GRK2 inhibitors on the desensitization of UTP- or AngII-stimulated mesenteric third-order arterial contractions, and PLC activity in isolated mesenteric smooth muscle cells (MSMC), were determined using wire myography and Ca2+ imaging, respectively. Applying a stimulation protocol to cause receptor desensitization resulted in reductions in UTP- and AngII-stimulated arterial contractions. Preincubation with the GRK2 inhibitor paroxetine almost completely prevented desensitization of UTP- and attenuated desensitization of AngII-stimulated arterial contractions. In contrast, fluoxetine was ineffective. Preincubation with alternative GRK2 inhibitors (Takeda compound 101 or CCG224063) also attenuated the desensitization of UTP-mediated arterial contractile responses. In isolated MSMC, paroxetine, Takeda compound 101, and CCG224063 also attenuated the desensitization of UTP- and AngII-stimulated increases in Ca2+, whereas fluoxetine did not. In human uterine smooth muscle cells, paroxetine reversed GRK2-mediated histamine H-1 receptor desensitization, but not GRK6-mediated oxytocin receptor desensitization. Utilizing various small-molecule GRK2 inhibitors, we confirm that GRK2 plays a central role in regulating vasoconstrictor-mediated arterial tone, highlighting a potentially novel strategy for blood pressure regulation through targeting GRK2 function.
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