Desert Res Inst, Div Hydrol Sci, 755 E Flamingo Rd, Las Vegas, NV 89119 USA;Desert Res Inst, Div Hydrol Sci, 755 E Flamingo Rd, Las Vegas, NV 89119 USA;
Bai, Xuelian;Acharya, Kumud;
Untreated organic contaminants in municipal wastewater, such as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), have become a significant issue in aquatic ecosystems, particularly in freshwater bodies that receive wastewater discharge. This has raised concerns about the accumulation of EDCs in aquatic species via continuous exposure. This study evaluated the uptake of EDCs by quagga mussels (Dreissena bugensis), an invasive species in a water supply reservoir. The field sampling results showed that steroid hormones were not detected in the water samples, and only pharmaceuticals and personal care products were present (0.49 to 36ng/L). Additionally, testosterone was the most abundant steroid in the mussel tissue (6.3 to 20ng/g dry weight), and other synthetic chemicals (i.e., bisphenol A, triclosan, and salicylic acid) were also detected in the mussel tissue (24 to 47ng/g dry weight). After being exposed to exogenous EDCs for 7, 21, and 42days under controlled laboratory conditions, testosterone was not detected in the mussel anymore, but bisphenol A, triclosan, and salicylic acid were found at relatively high levels in the mussel tissue, although the concentrations did not increase over time. Overall, the study demonstrated the uptake of EDCs in quagga mussels, which suggests that this species can be used to reflect water quality deterioration in aquatic ecosystems.