Qingdao Agr Univ, Coll Chem & Pharmaceut Sci, Qingdao 266109, Peoples R China;Qingdao Agr Univ, Coll Chem & Pharmaceut Sci, Qingdao 266109, Peoples R China;Qingdao Univ, State Key Lab Biofibers & Ecotext, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China;
Yang, Manli;Wang, Liang;Xia, Yanzhi;
The graft copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) onto alginate was carried out in aqueous media by initiators of ammonium persulphate under a nitrogen gas atmosphere. Then, the grafting of PMMA chains onto the alginate backbone was confirmed through the study of Fourier transform infrared, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and H-1 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. At last, a thin and transparent polymethyl methacrylate grafted alginate film with high strength was obtained by the casting method. The effect of MMA/SA ratio or percentage of graft (G%) on mechanical properties, thermal stability (thermogravimetric analysis/differential thermogravimetry analyses), color, opacity and water resistance of composite films were characterized. Results showed the homogeneous transparent films could be obtained while G% was lower than 8.64%. After being grafted by PMMA, the tensile strength of the films was distinctly improved by 205.3%, as well the elongation at break (E%) by 41.7% while the MMA/SA (g/g) is 0.3. On the other hand, water resistance, thermal stability and crystallinity of the films were improved, however, the transparency was slightly decreased. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.