Effect of chronic melatonin supplementation during mid to late gestation on maternal uterine artery blood flow and subsequent development of male offspring in beef cattle 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

来源
Journal of Animal Science
年/卷/期
2018 / 96 / 12
页码
5100-5111
ISSN号
0021-8812
作者单位
Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Coll Vet Med, Dept Pathobiol & Populat Med, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Coll Vet Med, Dept Pathobiol & Populat Med, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;
作者
McCarty, Keelee J.;Owen, Megan P. T.;Hart, Caitlin G.;Thompson, Robyn C.;Burnett, Derris D.;King, E. Heath;Hopper, Richard M.;Lemley, Caleb O.;
摘要
The objective of the current study was to examine the effects of supplemental melatonin implants on uterine artery blood flow from mid to late gestation in beef cattle and subsequent development of their male offspring. Commercial beef heifers (n = 32) and cows (n = 25) were bred via artificial insemination and assigned to 1 of 2 groups supplemented with melatonin implants (MEL) or without (CON) at day 180, 210, and 240 of gestation. Uterine artery blood flow was determined using color Doppler ultrasonography. A subset of 12 crossbred heifers (n = 6 MEL; n = 6 CON) underwent Cesarean sections on day 243 +/- 2 of gestation to allow for placentome collection. Maternal and fetal serum were collected to analyze melatonin concentrations. The remaining cattle were allowed to calve and at weaning (195 +/- 2 d of age), bull calves (n = 15) were castrated and testicular tissue harvested for seminiferous tubule analysis. Heifer uterine artery blood flow was increased (P = 0.009) at day 240 of gestation in MEL compared with CON heifers. Cow uterine artery blood flow was increased (P = 0.003) in MEL compared with CON cows irrespective of gestational day. Maternal and fetal concentrations of melatonin were increased (P < 0.05) in MEL compared with CON heifers. The percent of placentome capillary area per mm(2) was decreased (P = 0.019) in MEL compared with CON heifers, while cotyledonary ANGPT1 mRNA tended to increase (P = 0.095) in MEL compared with CON heifers. At weaning, body weight of male offspring and their scrotal circumference were increased (P < 0.05) in calves born to MEL compared with CON dams, while seminiferous tubule diameter and area were not different (P > 0.40) between treatments. In summary, melatonin supplementation increased uterine artery blood flow in mid to late gestating cattle, but this was not accompanied by an increase in fetal weight. Alterations in postnatal development of bulls, including increased body weight and scrotal circumference, warrants future investigations related to attainment of puberty and subsequent fertility of offspring born to melatonin supplemented dams.
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关键词/主题词
beef cattle;bull development;fetal programming;melatonin;placenta;
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