Evaluating the performance of rope-wick herbicides applicator to control common reed 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
012003 (10 pp.)
2019-11-17 - 2019-11-18
Al-Wagaa, Adnan Hussein 1;Hadi Al-Obadui, Ibraheem Ahmed 2;Alfarttoosi, Hameed A. K. 3;AL-Gburi, Omar Abdulrazzaq 4 1 Dept. of Field Crops Sci., Univ. of Diyala, Diyala, University of Diyala, Department of Field Crops Science, Diyala, Iraq adnad_alwakaa2003@yahoo.com 2 Tech. Inst. of Baquba, Middle Tech. Univ., Dayala, Middle Technical University, Technical Institute of Baquba, Dayala, Iraq 3 Dept. of Field Crops Sci., Univ. of Kerbala, Kerbala, University of Kerbala, Department of Field Crops Science, Kerbala, Iraq 4 Minist. of Water Resources, Gen. Organ. for the Maintenance of Irrigation & Drainage Projects, Baghdad, General Organization for the Maintenance of Irrigation and Drainage Projects, Ministry of Water Resources, Baghdad, Iraq
This study was carried out in an ordinarily field of common reed Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin, one of invasive perennial weed in Iraq. originally focused on investigating the feasibilityof an applied herbicide treatment by using systematic herbicides of glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl glycine) and fluazifop-butyl to control the common reed. Doses of glyphosate and fluazifop-butyl were used and experiments were set using complete randomize block design (CRBD) with three repetitions. Seven treatment methods of herbicides (T1–T7) were involved. Results indicated the superiority of T7 to control common reed compared to other treatment methods and showed highest control rate of 61.74% using T7. More specifically, T7, T6, and T5 presented the lowest average regrowth rates of Phragmites australis that reached up to 61.74%, 57.94%, and 52.47%, respectively. The positive contribution of herbicides was continued around 180 days after the treatment. Moreover, T7 has accomplished a significant difference in the reduction of the plant height compared to other treatments. Also, the application of rope-wick of T7 has depicted the lowest total dry weight of vegetative (480.67 g/m2) compared to T1, T5, and T6. In the contrast, insignificant differences of the total dry weight of vegetative were noticed for T3, T4, and T5. The lowest rhizomes dry weight was observed for T2, T5, and T3 221.33 g/m2, 248.33 g/m2, and 270.67 g/m2, respectively. Glyphosate presented a prosperous controlling of common reed compared to fluazifop-butyl., The application of rope-wick has also gave a promising controlling of common reed compared to sprayers, which in turn reduced the usage of herbicides concentration that would be in line with mitigating the environmental pollution. AL-Wagaa A H 2018 Effect of glyphosate doses applied through different methods on the control of Congo grass (Imperata cylindrica L.) growing innewly planted pomegranate (Punicagranatum L.) orchards in Iraq Res. Cro.19 227-236 Al-Wagga A H et al 2014 Effect of methods of application and different doses of glyphosate in control Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon L.) growth in pome orchard Diyala Agric. Sci. J.6 Belzile F et al 2010 Seeds contribute strongly to the spread of the invasive genotype of the common reed (Phragmites australis) Biol. Inva.12 2243-2250 Bowmer K H et al 1993 Uptake and translocation of 14C? glyphosate in Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. (alligator weed). I. Rhizome concentrations required for inhibition Weed Res.33 53-57 Bryson C T and Carter R 1993 Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica, in the United States Weed Technol.7 1005-09 Buhler D D and Burnside O C 1983 Effect of water quality, carrier volume, and acid on glyphosate phytotoxicity Weed Sci.31 163-169 Cakmak I et al 2009 Glyphosate reduced seed and leaf concentrations of calcium, manganese, magnesium and iron in non-glyphosate resistant soybean European J. Agron.31 114-19 Chikoyea D and Ekeleme F 2003 Cover crops for cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) management and effects on subsequent corn yield Weed Sci.51 792-97
agriculture;agrochemicals;crops;drying;renewable materials;vegetation