Stereoisomer-specific occurrence, distribution, and fate of chiral brominated flame retardants in different wastewater treatment systems in Hong Kong 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

来源
Journal of hazardous materials
年/卷/期
2019 / 374 / Jul.15
页码
211-218
ISSN号
0304-3894
作者单位
City Univ Hong Kong, Shenzhen Key Lab Sustainable Use Marine Biodivers, Res Ctr Oceans & Human Hlth, SKLMP, Hong Kong, Peoples R China;City Univ Hong Kong, Shenzhen Key Lab Sustainable Use Marine Biodivers, Res Ctr Oceans & Human Hlth, SKLMP, Hong Kong, Peoples R China;City Univ Hong Kong, Shenzhen Key Lab Sustainable Use Marine Biodivers, Res Ctr Oceans & Human Hlth, SKLMP, Hong Kong, Peoples R China|Educ Univ Hong Kong, Dept Sci & Environm Studios, Hong Kong, Peoples R China;City Univ Hong Kong, Shenzhen Key Lab Sustainable Use Marine Biodivers, Res Ctr Oceans & Human Hlth, SKLMP, Hong Kong, Peoples R China|City Univ Hong Kong, Dept Chem, Hong Kong, Peoples R China;City Univ Hong Kong, Shenzhen Key Lab Sustainable Use Marine Biodivers, Res Ctr Oceans & Human Hlth, SKLMP, Hong Kong, Peoples R China|City Univ Hong Kong, Dept Chem, Hong Kong, Peoples R China;
作者
Ruan, Yuefei;Zhang, Kai;Lam, James C. W.;Wu, Rongben;Lam, Paul K. S.;
摘要
This study investigated the occurrence and fate of 1,2,5,6,9,10-hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and 1,2-dibromo-4-(1,2-dibromoethyl)cyclohexane (TBECH), two chiral brominated flame retardants (BFRs) with sixteen different stereoisomers, in four Hong Kong wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) featuring diverse treatment processes during a two-year sampling campaign. More effective HBCD removal was achieved via biodegradation as compared to sludge sorption, whereas both chemically enhanced primary treatment and secondary treatment yielded high TBECH elimination ( > 90%). alpha-HBCD (54-75%) predominated in all samples, and its proportions were increased in effluent as compared to influent and sludge. alpha- and beta-TBECH (72.3-84.4% in total) were the predominant TBECH diastereomers, with a proportional shift from the latter to the former diastereomer mostly observed after treatment. More rapid biodegradation and preferential sorption of gamma-HBCD as compared to alpha-HBCD as well as beta-TBECH as compared to alpha-TBECH might account for this changing pattern. This is the first study to report the enantiomer-specific behavior of chiral BFRs in different wastewater treatment processes. A preferential elimination of (+)-alpha- and (+ )-gamma-HBCD and E-2-beta-TBECH (the second enantiomeric elution order) took place consistently after biological treatment, possibly due to enantioselective adsorption and microbial degradation. Our results highlight the importance of conducting enantiospecific analysis for chiral pollutants in wastewater samples.
机翻摘要
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关键词/主题词
HBCD;TBECH;Enantiomer;Wastewater treatment;Biodegradation;
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