The Interfacial Behavior between Biochar and Soil Minerals and Its Effect on Biochar Stability 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

来源
Environmental Science and Technology
年/卷/期
2000 / 50 / 5
页码
2264-2271
出版商
American Chemical Society
ISSN号
0013936X
作者
Yang, Fan 1;Zhao, Ling 1;Gao, Bin 2;Xu, Xiaoyun 1;Cao, Xinde 1 1 School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240, China xdcao@sjtu.edu.cn 2 School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240, China, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Florida, 32611, United States;
摘要
In this study, FeCl3, AlCl3, CaCl2, and kaolinite were selected as model soil minerals and incubated with walnut shell derived biochar for 3 months and the incubated biochar was then separated for the investigation of biochar-mineral interfacial behavior using XRD and SEM-EDS. The XPS, TGA, and H2O2 oxidation were applied to evaluate effects of the interaction on the stability of biochar. Fe8O8(OH)8Cl1.35 and AlCl3·6H2O were newly formed on the biochar surface or inside of the biochar pores. At the biochar-mineral interface, organometallic complexes such as Fe-O-C were generated. All the 4 minerals enhanced the oxidation resistance of biochar surface by decreasing the relative contents of C-O, C=O, and COOH from 36.3% to 16.6-26.5%. Oxidation resistance of entire biochar particles was greatly increased with C losses in H2O2 oxidation decreasing by 13.4-79.6%, and the C recalcitrance index (R50,bicohar) in TGA analysis increasing from 44.6% to 45.9-49.6%. Enhanced oxidation resistance of biochar surface was likely due to the physical isolation from newly formed minerals, while organometallic complex formation was probably responsible for the increase in oxidation resistance of entire biochar particles. Results indicated that mineral-rich soils seemed to be a beneficial environment for biochar since soil minerals could increase biochar stability, which displays an important environmental significance of biochar for long-term carbon sequestration.
机翻摘要
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关键词/主题词
Surface resistance (major);Carbon;Iron compounds;Kaolinite;Minerals;Organometallics;Oxidation;Oxidation resistance;Soils;
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