Control of bacterial activity, such as in sewers and wastewater treatment systems 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

公开号/公开日
WO2011134010 A1 2011-11-03 [WO2011134010] / 2011-11-03
申请号/申请日
2011WO-AU00481 / 2011-04-27
发明人
YUAN ZHIGUO; JIANG GUANGMING; GUTIERREZ GARCIA-MORENO ORIOL
申请人
UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSLAND
主分类号
IPC分类号
A01N-059/00;A61L-002/18;A61L-101/20;A61L-101/22;B08B-009/027;C02F-001/50;C02F-001/72
摘要
(WO2011134010)
A method for controlling the activity of sulfate reducing bacteria or methanogenic archaea (or both) in environments containing such organisms comprising treating the environment with free nitrous acid (HNO2) or with a solution containing nitrite (NO2 -) having a pH of less than 7 or by adding nitrite to the environment and having a pH of less than 7 in the environment. 
The method can also disrupt biofilms.
机翻摘要
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地址
代理人
代理机构
优先权号
2010AU-0901790 2010-04-28 2011AU-0901238 2011-04-04
主权利要求
(WO2011134010)
1. A method for controlling the activity of sulfate reducing bacteria or methanogenic archaea (or both) in environments containing such organisms comprising treating the environment with free nitrous acid (HNO2). 2. A method for controlling the activity of sulfate reducing bacteria or methanogenic archaea (or both) in environments containing such organisms comprising treating the environment with a solution containing nitrite (N02-) having a pH of less than 7 or by adding nitrite to the environment and having a pH of less than 7 in the environment. 3. A method for controlling the activity of microorganisms in environments containing such microorganisms comprising treating the environment with free nitrous acid (HNO2). 4. A method as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3 comprising adding nitrite to the environment at a pH within the range of 2.0 to 7,0, more preferably between 2 and 4. or at a pH of between 6 and 7, or at a pH of between, 6,0 and 6.5, when nitrite is added to the environment, 5. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims comprising adding nitrite and acid to the environment wherein the nitrite and the acid are added simultaneously, or the acid is added before the nitrite, or the acid is added: after the nitrite. 6. A method as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4 wherein the acid and nitrite are premixed with each other to generate free nitrous acid and the free nitrous acid is then added to the environment being treated. 7. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein an acidified nitrite solution or nitrite and acid solutions are added to result in at least 0.05 ppm free nitrous acid in wastewater, or at least 0.1 ppm free nitrous acid in wastewater, or at least 0.3 ppm free nitrous acid in wastewater, or at least 0.5 ppm free nitrous acid in wastewater, even more particularly at least 1 ppm free nitrous acid in wastewater,
A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein the method comprises the steps of intermittently treating the environment with free' nitrous acid.
9. A method as claimed in claim 8 comprising treating the environment with free nitrous acid over a relatively short period of time ranging from 1 hour to a few days (such as up to 7 days), or from 1 hour to about 1 day, or even from 4 hours to
16 hours, or even for about 6 hours, allowing a relatively long period of time of from 5 days to 40 days, more suitably from 10 days to 35 days, even more suitably from 20 days to 30 days, to pass and subsequently treating the environment with free nitrous acid over a short period of time (and so forth).
10. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein free nitrous acid or nitrite and acid is added, whererafter addition of the free nitrous acid or nitrite and acid is then stopped for a period of time to let the wastewater flow wash away a weakened biofilm and to expose inner biofilm layers to the environment/vyastewater, followed by further dosage of free nitrous acid or nitrite and acid ·
11. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein a concentration of nitrous acid in the environment during treatment with nitrous acid falls within the range of from 0.1 - 1.0 mgN/L, more preferably from 0.1 to 0.5 mgN/L, even more preferably from 0.1 - 0.2 mgN/1.
12. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein a solution containing free nitrous acid is obtained by treatment of a stream in a wastewater treatment plant by treating a stream in a wastewater treatment plant to form nitrite, with the nitrite being formed under acidic conditions or an acid being added to the nitrite (or both). •13. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein commercially available nitrites are used as a source of nitrite.
14. A method for treating or disrupting a biofilm in a sewer or a wastewater treatment plant comprising the step of adding free nitrous acid to the sewer or wastewater treatment plant.
15. A method for treating or disrupting a biofilm in a sewer or a wastewater treatment plant vessel or any pipe with biofilm comprising the step of adding free nitrous acid to the sewer or wastewater treatment plant or treating the sewer or a wastewater treatment plant vessel or pipe with a solution containing nitrite (N02-) having a pH of less than 7 or by adding nitrite to the sewer or a wastewater treatment plant vessel or pipe and having a pH of less than 7 in the sewer or a wastewater treatment plant vessel or pipe,
16. A method for treating or disrupting a biofilm in a sewer or a wastewater treatment plant vessel or pipe comprising adding nitrite to the sewer or wastewater treatment plant vessel or pipe under conditions such that a nitrite containing solution having an acidic pi 1 is obtained in the wastewater treatment plant vessel or pipe or sewer.
1 7. A method as claimed in claim 16 wherein a solution containing nitrite (N02-) having a pH of less than 7 is added to the sewer or a wastewater treatment plant vessel or pipe, or nitrite is added to the sewer or a wastewater treatment plant vessel or pipe and a pll of less than 7 is formed or maintained in the sewer or the wastewater treatment plant.
18. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims comprising also dosing with hydrogen peroxide (H2Q2). 19. A method ,as claimed in claim 18 wherein the hydrogen peroxide is present at the same time as the free nitrous acid or nitrites at acidic pH, or the hydrogen peroxide is added after treatment with free nitrous acid or nitrites at acidic pH or the hydrogen peroxide is added prior to treatment with free nitrous acid or nitrites at acidic pH,
20. A method as claimed in claim 1 8 or claim 19 wherein hydrogen peroxide is added such that the concentration of hydrogen peroxide is up to 500 ppm, or from 1 ppm to 250 ppm, or from 5 ppm to 150 ppm, or from 10 ppm to 100 ppm.
21. A method as claimed in claim: 20 wherein hydrogen peroxide is added such that the concentration of hydrogen peroxide is about 30 ppm.:
22. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims comprising also treating the environment with oxygen.
23. A method as claimed in claim 22 wherein the oxygen is added at the same time as treatment with free nitrous acid or treatment with nitrites at acidic pH. 24. A method as claimed in claim 22 or claim 23 wherein oxygen is added such that the concentration of oxygen is up to 50 ppm, or from 1 ppm to 10 ppm, or suitably from 5 ppm to 10 ppm.
25. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims comprising treating the environment with free nitrous acid or treatment with nitrites at acidic pH, followed by treatment with an alkaline material.
26. A method as claimed in claim 25 wherein the alkaline material is caustic soda. 27. A method as claimed in claim 25 or claim 26 wherein the alkaline material is added in an amount such that the pi I following addition of the alkaline material is greater than 8, or from 8 to 13, or from 9 to 12, even more suitably from 10 to. 1 1 , or even about 10.5. ·
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(WO2011134010)
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