Harbin Inst Technol, State Key Lab Urban Water Resource & Environm, Sch Environm, 73 Huanghe Rd, Harbin 150090, Heilongjiang, Peoples R China;Harbin Inst Technol, State Key Lab Urban Water Resource & Environm, Sch Environm, 73 Huanghe Rd, Harbin 150090, Heilongjiang, Peoples R China;Harbin Inst Technol, State Key Lab Urban Water Resource & Environm, Sch Environm, 73 Huanghe Rd, Harbin 150090, Heilongjiang, Peoples R China;
Deng, Sheng;Zhang, Guangshan;Wang, Peng;
In the present study we synthesized a dual-functionalized material by incorporating a chromophore, 4-(2-pyridylazo)-resorcinol (PAR), onto polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber by microwave (MW) irradiation; the produced material was labeled PAN(MW)-PAR. Compared with conventional methods, MW irradiation exhibits superior advances in reaction time and grafting rate of surface modification, further resulting in satisfactory colorimetric and adsorption properties. A systematic study has been implemented to analyze the detection and removal ability for heavy metal ions, including Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, and Ni2+. Results demonstrated that PAN(MW)-PAR fibers possess impressive colorimetric sensitivity (red-to-black color change) and high adsorption capacity for these metal ions, especially for Hg2+. Thus, these fibers present excellent potential as optical sensors and adsorbent for heavy metal contaminants. At low pH, the PAN(MW)-PAR fibers showed selective detection ability for Hg2+, and the detection limit can be obtained at 35 mu g/L. Adsorption of heavy metal ions followed pseudo-second-order kinetics and Langmuir isotherms. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy provided insights into the interaction mechanism between heavy metal ions and PAN(MW)-PAR fibers. PAN(MW)-PAR fibers can be feasibly regenerated with EDTA and still exhibited high sensitivity and adsorption affinity for heavy metal ions after 10 cycles of reuse. The proposed fibers present a cost-effective material that can be considered an alternative for effective detection and removal of toxic metal ions from water.
Optical detection;Removal;Heavy metal ions;Microwave irradiation;Polyacrylonitrile fiber;