Transportable container, charger system, method and kit for generation of carbon dioxide snow block in-situ within the transportable container for preservation of items stored therewithin 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

公开号/公开日
US2018010839 A1 2018-01-11 [US20180010839] / 2018-01-11
申请号/申请日
2017US-15645152 / 2017-07-10
发明人
ZHOU YING;BURSAC RANKO;SEVER ROBERT R;
申请人
PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY;
主分类号
IPC分类号
A01N-001/02B65D-081/18F25D-003/14
摘要
(US20180010839) This invention relates to a novel kit, transportable apparatus and method for generating in-situ CO2 snow block within the apparatus.  An item such as a biological sample can be stored and transported within the same apparatus that is employed for creating the CO2 snow block.  The apparatus is capable of preserving the sample during transport.  The invention also includes a specially designed CO2 snow charger system including a charger and meshed conduit.  The charger system is operated in accordance with the methods of the present invention to create the in-situ CO2 snow block within a container that can be also used for transport.
机翻摘要
暂无翻译结果,您可以尝试点击头部的翻译按钮。
地址
代理人
代理机构
;
优先权号
2016US-62360760 2016-07-11 2017US-15645152 2017-07-10
主权利要求
(US20180010839) 1. A carbon dioxide (CO2) snow-making kit for charging CO2 and generating CO2 snow block in-situ within a container, comprising: a container comprising an interior volume defined into a first region and a second region, wherein the first region is an internal meshed conduit volume, and the second region is a snow chamber into which CO2 snow block is generated and stored, said interior volume further surrounded by multiple container walls;   the internal meshed conduit volume configured to receive a meshed conduit;   the snow chamber surrounding an exterior of the meshed conduit and at least partially encapsulated by the multiple container walls;   the meshed conduit situated within an opening of the container and extending into the internal meshed conduit volume, said meshed conduit comprising porous openings sufficient for gas to pass through, but for the CO2 snow block to remain substantially within the snow chamber that is external to the meshed tube, the meshed conduit further including an internal passageway for CO2 off gas to exhaust, the meshed conduit comprising a first end and second end, wherein the first end is oriented at the opening of the container; and   a CO2 snow charger operably or integrally connected to the first end of the meshed conduit along the opening of the container, said CO2 snow charger comprising a conduit network with a plurality of nozzles, the plurality of nozzles configured to selectively direct CO2 fluid into the snow chamber while substantially avoiding the introduction of CO2 fluid into the internal passageway of the meshed conduit, the snow charger further comprising one or more openings in fluid communication with the internal passageway of the meshed conduit, said one or more openings configured to allow gas to vent therethrough and exit the container. 2. The kit of claim 1, wherein the snow chamber is characterized by an absence of absorbent or foam-filled material. 3. The kit of claim 1, wherein the CO2 snow charger further comprises a sleeve extending around an edge of the conduit network to form a seal with the container. 4. The kit of claim 1, wherein the plurality of nozzles are oriented away from a vertical wall of the meshed conduit at an angle ranging from approximately 30 deg. to 60 deg. relative to said vertical wall, said vertical wall extending perpendicular to a horizontal surface of the container. 5. The kit of claim 1, wherein the CO2 snow charger comprises an aperture of the conduit network, said aperture configured to receive CO2 fluid from a CO2 source. 6. The kit of claim 5, wherein the plurality of nozzles is located along a periphery of the conduit network, said aperture connected to the plurality of nozzles located along ring-like structure, said aperture configured to be operably connected to a liquid CO2 source. 7. The kit of claim 1, wherein the first end of the mesh conduit is operably connected to the CO2 snow charger. 8. The kit of claim 1, further comprising a unique identifier on the container that is configured to embed container identification information therein, said container identification information retrievable by reading said unique identifier. 9. A method for in-situ charging carbon dioxide (CO2) snow block within a container, comprising the steps of: supplying CO2 liquid into a CO2 snow charger operably or integrally connected to a meshed conduit that is located within an interior of the container;   introducing the CO2 liquid into nozzles of a conduit network of the CO2 snow charger;   selectively directing the CO2 fluid into a snow chamber of the container that is external to the meshed conduit;   generating in-situ CO2 snow particles and gas in the snow chamber;   packing the CO2 snow particles to form a substantially CO2 snow block characterized by a hollow passageway along the CO2 snow block;   passing the gas through the meshed conduit; and   exhausting the gas along an internal passageway of the meshed conduit. 10. The method of claim 9, further comprising alternating liquid CO2 supply with introduction of a gaseous CO2 from a CO2 source into the snow chamber. 11. The method of claim 9, further comprising the steps: loading one or items into the container; and   transporting the container. 12. The method of claim 11, further comprising measuring an environmental temperature that is surrounding the container during said step of transporting the container. 13. The method of claim 11, further comprising measuring an internal temperature of the container during said step of transporting the container. 14. The method of claim 9, further comprising estimating a weight of the CO2 snow block to be formed in the container, prior to starting the in-situ charging of the CO2 snow block into the container. 15. The method of claim 11, further comprising: monitoring container information, temperature and/or location of the container during the step of transporting the container to generate data; and   transferring the data to a user. 16. The method of claim 11, further comprising monitoring the block CO2 snow produced;   generating in-situ additional block CO2 snow; and   means for detecting when the charging is completed. 17. The method of claim 16, wherein the means for detecting is based on a parameter selected from the group consisting of: (i) a pre-defined weight of CO2 snow block, (ii) pressure in the container, (iii) capacitance, (iv) duration of the in-situ charging, and (v) temperature of the container. 18. The method of claim 9, wherein substantially all of the CO2 particles do not pass into or form within the interior passageway of the meshed conduit. 19. The method of claim 9, further comprising: transferring information relating to the in-situ charging CO2 snow block for the container onto a unique identifier. 20. A method for assembling a carbon dioxide (CO2) snow charging system at a site for in-situ generation of CO2 snow block in a container, comprising: providing a liquid CO2 source;   providing an insulated container with an opening, the container further comprising an interior volume defined into a first region and a second region, wherein the first region is an internal meshed conduit volume, and the second region is a snow chamber;   providing a meshed conduit;   providing a CO2 snow charger comprising a conduit network having an inlet opening to receive the liquid CO2 source and a plurality of nozzles distributed along an edge of the conduit network, said CO2 snow charger further comprising one or more exhaust openings for gas to exhaust therefrom;   operably connecting or integrally joining a bottom section of the CO2 snow charger to a top section of the meshed conduit;   inserting the meshed conduit through the top opening of the container into the internal meshed conduit volume;   securing a top of the CO2 snow charger to the container at the top opening of the container; and   operably connecting the inlet opening of the CO2 snow charger to the CO2 source. 21. The method of claim 20, further comprising configuring the CO2 snow charging system to be in fluid communication with a ventilation system to allow gas to be directed to the ventilation system. 22. The method of claim 20, further comprising integrating safety interlock devices into the CO2 supply. 23. The method of claim 20, further comprising configuring the CO2 charging system to be in electronic communication with a programmable logic controller to automate the generation of the CO2 snow. 24. The method of claim 20, further comprising integrally joining the CO2 snow charger with the meshed conduit to create a unitary detachable component prior to insertion of the meshed tube into the internal meshed conduit volume of the container. 25. The method of claim 20, wherein the snow chamber is characterized by an absence of foam-filled material or absorbent. 26. The method of claim 20, further comprising providing the insulated container with a unique identifier that is configured to embed container identification information therein, said container identification information retrievable by reading said unique identifier. 27. A carbon dioxide (CO2) snow charger system adapted to produce CO2 snow block, comprising: a meshed conduit, said meshed conduit comprising porous openings sufficient for CO2 off-gas to pass through the openings into an internal passageway of the meshed conduit, but substantially block entry of particles from the CO2 snow block into the internal passageway, said meshed conduit characterized by sufficient rigidity to pack the CO2 snow block generated external to the meshed conduit; and   a CO2 snow charger operably or integrally connected to the meshed conduit, said CO2 snow charger comprising a conduit network with a plurality of nozzles, the plurality of nozzles configured to selectively direct CO2 fluid external to the meshed conduit while substantially avoiding introduction of CO2 liquid into the internal passageway of the meshed conduit, the snow charger further comprising one or more exhaust openings in fluid communication with the internal passageway of the meshed conduit, said one or more exhaust openings configured to allow gas to vent therethrough. 28. The CO2 snow charger system of claim 27, wherein the conduit network comprises multiple inserts of a predetermined shape and pattern with nozzles embedded therein. 29. An apparatus configured for storing, preserving or transporting one or more items, comprising: a container comprising an interior volume defined into a first region and a second region, wherein the first region is an internal product storage volume, and the second region is a snow chamber into which CO2 snow is stored, said container further comprising multiple insulated container walls at least partially surrounding the first region and the second region, said walls comprising a getter material locating therewithin, wherein said getter material maintains a vacuum and an insulation level and is suitably compatible with said CO2 snow;   the internal product storage volume defined by a meshed conduit, said meshed conduit permanently or removably affixed to said one or more insulated container walls;   the snow chamber surrounding an exterior of the meshed conduit, the snow chamber partially enclosed by the multiple vacuum insulated container walls;   the CO2 snow occupying the snow chamber therewithin; and   the meshed conduit comprising a first end and a second end, wherein said first end is oriented towards the opening of the transportable container;   wherein the snow chamber is characterized by an absence of a foam-filled material or absorbent. 30. The apparatus of claim 29, further comprising a mechanical seal engaged into the opening of the transportable container, thereby isolating the snow chamber from surroundings of the transportable container. 31. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein said internal volume of the product storage volume ranges from about 0.25-25 L. 32. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein said product storage holder is capable of holding said items therewithin for up to approximately 37 days at an average temperature of no warmer than -60 deg. C. 33. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein said second end is oriented towards said bottom vacuum-insulated wall. 34. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein said second region extends between the vacuum-insulated walls and an outer surface of the product storage holder. 35. The apparatus of claim 29, wherein the snow chamber is characterized by an absence of foam-filled material or absorbent. 36. The apparatus of claim 29, further comprising a cover secured to the opening of the container and a temperature sensor located adjacent to or along an interior of the cover. 37. The apparatus of claim 29, further comprising a unique identifier that is configured to embed container identification information therein, said container identification information retrievable by reading said unique identifier. 38. The apparatus of claim 29, further comprising a product holder within the meshed conduit. 39. A method for assembling a carbon dioxide (CO2) snow charging system at a site for in-situ generation of CO2 snow block in a container, comprising: providing a CO2 source;   providing an insulated container with an opening, the container further comprising an interior volume defined into a first region and a second region, wherein the first region is an internal meshed conduit volume, and the second region is a snow chamber;   providing a meshed conduit operably connected or integrally connected to the insulated container;   providing a CO2 snow charger comprising a conduit network having an inlet opening to receive the CO2 source and a plurality of nozzles distributed along an edge of the conduit, said CO2 snow charger further comprising one or more exhaust openings for gas to exhaust therefrom;   operably attaching_the CO2 snow charger to the container;   securing a top of the meshed conduit to the CO2 snow charger at the top opening of the container; and   operably connecting the inlet opening of the CO2 snow charger to the CO2 source.
法律状态
(US20180010839) LEGAL DETAILS FOR US2018010839  Actual or expected expiration date=2037-07-10    Legal state=ALIVE    Status=PENDING     Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/APP  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Application details  Application country=US US15645152  Application date=2017-07-10  Standardized application number=2017US-15645152     Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/EXMR  Event type=Administrative notifications  USPTO Examiner Name Primary Examiner: ATKISSON, JIANYING CUI    Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/EXMR  Event type=Administrative notifications  USPTO Examiner Name Primary Examiner: ZEC, FILIP    Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/ART  Event type=Administrative notifications  USPTO Art Group  ART=3744     Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/DK  Event type=Examination events  Attorney Docket Number Docket Nbr: 14110-US    Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/CUST  Event type=Examination events  Attorney/Agent Customer Number Customer Nbr: 27182    Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/ENT  Event type=Administrative notifications  Entity Status Set to Undiscounted Business Entity Status: UNDISCOUNTED    Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/AIA  Event type=Administrative notifications  First Inventor File Indicated:  AIA=Yes     Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/PTARDY  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Patent Term Adjustment - Ready for Examination    Event publication date=2017-07-10  Event code=US/ENT  Event type=Administrative notifications  Entity Status Set to Undiscounted    Event publication date=2017-07-18  Event code=US/APPFILEREC  Event type=Administrative notifications  Event type=OAO  Filing Receipt    Event publication date=2017-09-25  Event code=US/APE  Event type=Corrections  Preliminary amendments    Event publication date=2017-10-10  Event code=US/IDS  Event type=Examination events  Event type=OAI  Information Disclosure Statement Filed    Event publication date=2017-10-10  Event code=US/DISCSEF  Event type=OAI  Electronic Information Disclosure Statement    Event publication date=2017-10-10  Event code=US/AS  Event type=Change of name or address  Event type=Reassignment  Assignment Owner: PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC., CONNECTICUT  Effective date of the event=2017-07-21  ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST ASSIGNORS:ZHOU, YING BURSAC, RANKO SEVER, ROBERT R REEL/FRAME:044217/0358     Event publication date=2017-10-11  Event code=US/RLRCPTC  Event type=Administrative notifications  Event type=OAO  Filing Receipt - Corrected    Event publication date=2017-10-11  Event code=US/POAC  Event type=Change of name or address  Change in Power of Attorney (May Include Associate POA)    Event publication date=2017-10-16  Event code=US/RLRCPTC  Event type=Administrative notifications  Event type=OAO  Filing Receipt - Corrected    Event publication date=2018-01-11  Event code=US/A1  Event type=Examination events  Application published  Publication country=US  Publication number=US2018010839  Publication stage Code=A1  Publication date=2018-01-11  Standardized publication number=US20180010839     Event publication date=2018-01-11  Event code=US/PGPUBN  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Event type=OAO  PG-Pub Issue Notification    Event publication date=2018-01-15  Event code=US/IDS  Event type=Examination events  Event type=OAI  Information Disclosure Statement Filed    Event publication date=2018-01-15  Event code=US/DISCSEF  Event type=OAI  Electronic Information Disclosure Statement    Event publication date=2018-02-28  Event code=US/DKNC  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Docketed New Case - Ready for Examination    Event publication date=2018-02-28  Event code=US/DOCK  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Case Docketed to Examiner    Event publication date=2018-04-11  Event code=US/DOCK  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Case Docketed to Examiner
专利类型码
A1
国别省市代码
若您需要申请原文,请登录。

最新评论

暂无评论。

登录后可以发表评论

意见反馈
返回顶部