Efficient preparation of polymer nanofibers by needle roller electrospinning with low threshold voltage 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

来源
Polymer engineering and science
年/卷/期
2019 / 59 / 4
页码
745-751
ISSN号
0032-3888
作者单位
Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Coll Mech & Elect Engn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China;Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Coll Mech & Elect Engn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China;Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Coll Mech & Elect Engn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China;Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Coll Mech & Elect Engn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China;Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Coll Mech & Elect Engn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China;Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Coll Mech & Elect Engn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China;Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Coll Mech & Elect Engn, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China;
作者
Li, Yi;Yang, Weimin;Li, Haoyi;Zhang, Yanping;Zhang, Liyan;Cheng, Lisheng;Qin, Yongxin;
摘要
A novel electrospinning system with needle roller as spinneret for efficient preparation of nanofibers was proposed. The results of finite element simulation indicate that the electric field is more concentrated at the tip of needle piece compared with that for disc and coil spinnerets, which can effectively reduce the threshold voltage of electrospinning. Using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as model polymer, the effects of spacing between needle pieces and concentration of spinning solution on fiber diameter and productivity of nanofibers were investigated. The results indicate that the average diameter decreases and the uniformity of diameter increases when increasing the spacing between needle pieces. When the spacing between the needle pieces is 14 mm, the average and standard deviation (SD) of fiber diameter is as small as 190 and 72 nm, respectively. The productivity of nanofibers slightly increases with the concentration of spinning solution, and it is as high as 12.8 g/h when the PVA concentration was 11 wt% for a needle piece spacing of 10 mm, which is much higher than the productivities of reported electrospinning systems. The proposed system has the potential for the preparation of uniform nanofibers with increased throughput and reduced cost. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 59:745-751, 2019. (c) 2018 Society of Plastics Engineers
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