Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Engn, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Seoul 08826, South Korea;Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Engn, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Seoul 08826, South Korea;
Lee, Jieun;Chang, Ji Young;
A hierarchically porous monolith comprising the melamine-based microporous organic polymer (MOP) particles was prepared by the Pickering emulsion templating method. The MOP particles were synthesized by polycondensation of melamine and terephthaldicarboxaldehyde. Because of the balanced presence of hydrophilic nitrogen containing groups and hydrophobic benzene rings, the MOP particles showed good amphiphilicity. A Pickering emulsion was prepared, where cyclohexane droplets with an average size of about 25 mu m were stabilized by the MOP particles (3.4 wt %) in an aqueous continuous phase. The cyclohexane internal phase fraction was slightly higher than 60%. The emulsion showed no phase separation even after two weeks. The Pickering emulsion containing a small amount of polyvinyl alcohol (1 wt %) in a continuous phase as a reinforcement was used as a template for the fabrication of a monolith of the MOP particles. The Pickering emulsion was freeze-dried to produce a hierarchically porous monolith. The MOP monolith possessed macropores templated by the oil droplets and micro- and mesopores in the MOP particles that constituted the macropore walls. The MOP monolith exhibited a high dye absorption ability in a solution of RhB in chloroform and a good absorption capacity for nonpolar organic solvents. After the absorption, the monolith could be regenerated by solvent exchange with cyclohexane and subsequent freeze-drying.