Froth separation in a molten salt reactor 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

公开号/公开日
WO2018042216 A2 2018-03-08 [WO201842216]WO2018042216 A3 2018-04-19 [WO201842216] / 2018-03-082018-04-19
申请号/申请日
2016WO-IB02032 / 2016-11-03
发明人
DODSON ANDREW;WANGARD WILLIAM;
申请人
ELYSIUM INDUSTRIES;
主分类号
IPC分类号
G21C-001/02G21C-001/03G21C-003/22G21C-003/54G21C-015/20G21C-015/24G21C-015/28G21C-019/28G21C-019/30G21C-019/31G21C-019/50
摘要
(WO201842216) A molten salt reactor includes a reactor vessel and a molten salt contained within the reactor vessel and undergoing a nuclear reaction.  The molten salt includes insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products produced by the nuclear reaction.  There is a separation unit configured to receive the molten salt and remove the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products from the molten salt.  The separation unit includes a laundering chamber into which the molten salt is introduced to form a froth containing the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products.  There is a filtration chamber, interconnected to the laundering chamber, configured to receive the froth from the laundering chamber and separate from the froth the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products.
机翻摘要
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地址
代理人
代理机构
;
优先权号
2015US-62251410 2015-11-05
主权利要求
(WO201842216) What is claimed is: 1. A molten salt reactor comprising:   a reactor vessel;   a molten salt contained within the reactor vessel and undergoing a nuclear reaction, the molten salt including insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products produced by the nuclear reaction; and   a separation unit configured to receive the molten salt and remove the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products from the molten salt; the separation unit including:   a laundering chamber into which the molten salt is introduced to form a froth containing the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products; and   a filtration chamber, interconnected to the laundering chamber, configured to receive the froth from the laundering chamber and separate from the froth the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products. 2. The molten salt reactor of claim 1, wherein the laundering chamber includes a mixer to mix the molten salt received from the reactor vessel with a gas and a nozzle to spray the molten salt and gas mixture into a liquid salt contained within the laundering chamber to form the froth on the surface of the liquid salt. 3. The molten salt reactor of claim 2, wherein the filtration chamber includes a filter into which the froth from the laundering chamber is received and the output of which is a molten salt filtrate; the filter collecting the insoluble metal fission products and causing the release of the dissolved gas fission products. 4. The molten salt reactor of claim 3 wherein the filtration chamber includes a first portion proximate a first end of the filter for collecting the dissolved gas fission products and a second portion proximate a second end of the filter for collecting the molten salt filtrate. 5. The molten salt reactor of claim 4 wherein the mesh size of the filter decreases from the first end of the filter to the second end of the filter. 6. The molten salt reactor of claim 4 further including a gas holdup vessel   interconnected to the first portion of the filtration chamber to collect the dissolved gas fission products from the filtration chamber; wherein the dissolved gas fission products collected in the gas holdup vessel are provided to the laundering chamber to be combined with the molten salt and gas mixture in the laundering chamber. 7. The molten salt reactor of claim 4 further including a return pipe interconnected between the second portion of the filtration chamber and the reactor vessel to return the molten salt filtrate to the reactor vessel. 8. The molten salt reactor of claim 2, further including a pump to pressurize the molten salt received from the reactor vessel before being introduced to the mixer. 9. The molten salt reactor of claim 2, wherein the laundering chamber includes a down- comer, having a first end wherein the nozzle is positioned above the surface of the liquid salt contained within the laundering chamber, and a second end with an opening located beneath the surface of the liquid; the molten salt and gas mixture impinging on the surface of the liquid salt in the down-comer thereby producing the froth within the down-comer, the froth exiting the second opening of the down-comer rising to the surface of the liquid salt. 10. The molten salt reactor of claim 1, wherein the laundering chamber includes a liquid salt and a device to introduce the molten salt received from the reactor vessel to the liquid salt, the laundering chamber also includes a gas input device to   introduce a pressurized gas into the liquid salt proximate a bottom of the laundering chamber, the pressurized gas traveling to a surface of the liquid salt thereby forming the froth on the surface of the liquid salt. 11. A separation unit configured to receive molten salt from a reactor vessel, the molten salt including insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products, the separation unit comprising:   a laundering chamber into which the molten salt is introduced to form a froth containing the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products; and   a filtration chamber, interconnected to the laundering chamber, configured to receive the froth from the laundering chamber and separate from the froth the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products. 12. A method for removing fission products from molten salt in a molten salt nuclear reactor; the method comprising:   introducing to a laundering chamber molten salt received from the molten salt nuclear reactor, the molten salt including insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products; and   forming a froth containing the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products in the laundering chamber;   transferring the froth from the laundering chamber to a filtration chamber; and in the filtration chamber, separating from the froth the insoluble metal fission products and dissolved gas fission products. 13. The method of claim 12, including mixing the molten salt received from the reactor vessel with a gas and spraying the molten salt and gas mixture into a liquid salt contained within the laundering chamber to form the froth on the surface of the liquid salt. 14. The method of claim 13, includes filtering the froth to produce a molten salt filtrate and to cause the release of the dissolved gas fission products. 15. The method of claim 14 wherein the filtration chamber includes a first portion proximate a first end of the filtration chamber for collecting the dissolved gas fission products and a second portion proximate a second end of the filtration chamber for collecting the molten salt filtrate. 16. The method of claim 15 further including collecting in a holdup vessel the dissolved gas fission products from the first end of the filtration chamber; combining the collected dissolved gas fission products with the molten salt and gas mixture in the laundering chamber. 17. The method of claim 15, further including returning the molten salt filtrate to the reactor vessel. 18. The method of claim 13, further including pressurizing the molten salt received from the reactor vessel before the step of introducing the molten salt to the laundering chamber. 19. The method of claim 13, further including providing in the laundering chamber a down-comer, having a first end above the surface of the liquid salt contained within the laundering chamber, and a second end with an opening located beneath the surface of the liquid; and including impinging the molten salt and gas mixture on the surface of the liquid salt in the down-comer thereby producing the froth within the down-comer; the froth exiting the second opening of the down-comer and rising to the surface of the liquid salt. 20. The method of claim 12, including introducing the molten salt received from the reactor vessel to a liquid salt in the laundering chamber and introducing a pressurized gas into the liquid salt proximate a bottom of the laundering chamber; wherein the pressurized gas travels to a surface of the liquid salt thereby forming the froth on a surface of the liquid salt.
法律状态
(WO201842216) LEGAL DETAILS FOR WO2018042216  Actual or expected expiration date=2019-05-05    Legal state=ALIVE    Status=PENDING     Event publication date=2016-11-03  Event code=WO/APP  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Application details  Application country=WO WOIB2016002032  Application date=2016-11-03  Standardized application number=2016WO-IB02032     Event publication date=2018-03-08  Event code=WO/A2  Event type=Examination events  International application published with declaration under Article 17 (2) (a)  Publication country=WO  Publication number=WO2018042216  Publication stage Code=A2  Publication date=2018-03-08  Standardized publication number=WO201842216     Event publication date=2018-04-19  Event code=WO/A3  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Later publication of ISR with revised front page  Publication country=WO  Publication number=WO2018042216  Publication stage Code=A3  Publication date=2018-04-19  Standardized publication number=WO201842216
专利类型码
A2A3
国别省市代码
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