Microplastics pollution after the removal of the Costa Concordia wreck: First evidences from a biomonitoring case study 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

来源
Environmental Pollution
年/卷/期
2017 / 227 /
页码
207-214
出版商
Elsevier Ltd
ISSN号
02697491
作者
Avio, Carlo Giacomo 1;Cardelli, Lara Roberta 1;Gorbi, Stefania 1;Pellegrini, David 2;Regoli, Francesco 3 1 Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell'Ambiente (DiSVA), Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy 2 Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale, Italy 3 Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell'Ambiente (DiSVA), Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy, Consorzio Interuniversitario per le Scienze del Mare, CoNISMa, ULR Ancona, Italy f.regoli@univpm.it;
摘要
Microplastics (MPs) represent a matter of growing concern for the marine environment. Their ingestion has been documented in several species worldwide, but the impact of specific anthropogenic activities remains largely unexplored. In this study, MPs were characterized in different benthic fish sampled after 2.5 years of huge engineering operations for the parbuckling project on the Costa Concordia wreck at Giglio Island. Fish collected in proximity of the wreck showed a high ingestion of microplastics compared to both fish from a control area and values reported worldwide. Also the elevated percentage of nylon, polypropylene lines and the presence of polystyrene are quite unusual for marine organisms sampled in natural field conditions, thus supporting the possible relationship of ingested microplastics with maritime operations during wreck removal. On the other hand, the use of transplanted mussels revealed a lower frequency of ingested MPs, and did not discriminate differences between the wreck and the control area. Some variations were observed in terms of typology and size of particles between surface- and bottom-caged mussels highlighting the influence of a different distribution of MPs along the water column. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that MPs pollution in the area of Costa Concordia was more evident on benthonic environment than on seawater column, providing novel insights on the possibility of using appropriate sentinel organisms for monitoring specific anthropogenic sources of MPs pollution in the marine environment.
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关键词/主题词
Marine pollution (major);Fish;Ingestion (engines);Marine biology;Molluscs;Pollution;Polypropylenes;
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