College of Mechanical Engineering,Henan University of Technology;National Engineering Research Center for Advanced Polymer Processing Technology,Zhengzhou University;School of Mathematics,Sun Yat-sen University,Zhuhai Campus;
To improve the strength of carbon fiber(CF) reinforced Polycaprolactam(PA6) composites, controlled amounts of carbon nanotubes(CNTs) were grafted onto the surface of CF to prepare the hybrid reinforcement(HR). We used HR to fabricate laminate and H-sample to test the interfacial bonding strength(IBS) of the composites by means of a novel process called three-dimensional printed molding(3 D-PM). By using the melt drop printing method, we measured the contact angles between PA6 and CF(without sizing) and between PA6 and HR. The IBS and the mechanical properties of the composites were obtained by the tensile test. The experimental result indicated that CF grafted by 0.25% weight fraction of CNT or more could develop a special microstructure similar to the micro-pits on the surface of CF, which improved the wettability of CF and PA6 due to the increased surface area and the roughness of CF. When the weight fraction of CNT reached 0.25%, the IBS increased by 41.8%, the tensile strength by 130%, and the interfacial shear strength(IFSS) by 238%. The interfacial dimple fracture was observed by Scanning Electron Microscope(SEM), which revealed that the composites were able to absorb more deforming energy before fracture. The modified surface microstructure of CF would prevent crack propagation at the interface and increase the mechanical properties of thermoplastic composites(TPCs).