Maternal nutrient restriction alters uterine artery hemodynamics and placentome vascular density in Bos indicus and Bos taurus 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

来源
Journal of Animal Science
年/卷/期
2018 / 96 / 11
页码
4823-4834
ISSN号
0021-8812
作者单位
Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Coll Vet Med, Dept Pathobiol & Populat Med, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Coll Vet Med, Dept Pathobiol & Populat Med, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Dept Anim & Dairy Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;
作者
Lemley, Caleb O.;Hart, Caitlin G.;Lemire, Racheal L.;King, E. Heath;Hopper, Richard M.;Park, Seong B.;Rude, Brian J.;Burnett, Derris D.;
摘要
The objective was to examine uterine artery blood flow (UBF) as well as macroscopic and microscopic placentome vascular density in nutrient-restricted Angus and Brahman heifers. Angus = 6) and Brahman (i7 = 6) heifers were bred to a single sire and pregnancy confirmed at 30-d postbreeding. Heifers were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 dietary treatments consisting of 100% (control-fed; CON; a = 6) or 60% (total nutrient-restricted; RES; n = 6) based from net energy requirements for gestating heifers. Nutritional treatments were imposed from days 50 to 180 of gestation. On day 175 of gestation, UBF was collected ipsilateral and contralateral to the conceptus via Doppler ultrasonography. Heifers underwent Cesarean sections for collection of 2 adjacent placentomes on day 180 of gestation. The primary cotyledonary artery of 1 placentome was perfused with Alexa Fluor 647 Con A conjugate to examine macroscopic cotyledonary vascular density via an in vivo imaging system. The second placentome was fixed for microscopic immunofluorescence labeling of capillaries and separated into maternal (caruncle) and fetal (cotyledon) components for determination of angiogenic factor mRNA expression. Main effects of nutritional treatment and breed are reported in the absence of a significant nutritional treatment by breed interaction. Ipsilateral UBF was decreased (P < 0.05) by 48% in RES vs. CON, whereas breed did not influence ipsilateral UBF. Contralateral UBF was not different between nutritional treatments; however, contralateral UBF was decreased (P < 0.05) by 63% in Brahman vs. Angus cattle. Macroscopic cotyledonary vascular density was increased (P < 0.05) by 36% in RES vs. CON and 82% in Brahman vs. Angus heifers. Percent capillary area and capillary perimeter were increased (/' < 0.05) in RES vs. CON and increased (P < 0.05) in Brahman vs. Angus heifers. Dietary treatments did not alter angiogenic factor expression; however, transcript abundance of caruncle and cotyledon ANGP1, 11.17, and KDR was increased (P < 0.05) in Brahman vs. Angus heifers. In summary, these data indicate compensatory responses in macroscopic and microscopic placentome blood vessel density during maternal nutrient restriction induced reductions in UBF. Moreover, a greater macroscopic density of cotyledonary blood vessels was observed in Brahman vs. Angus heifers.
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关键词/主题词
angiogenic factors;Angus;Brahman;nutrient restriction;placentome;uterine artery;
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