(US10190051) Emulsification of hydrophobic organophosphorous compounds 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

源语言标题
(US10190051) Emulsification of hydrophobic organophosphorous compounds
公开号/公开日
US10190051 US20150353833 / 2019-01-29 2015-12-10
申请号/申请日
US14/724,128 / 2015-05-28
发明人
BROOKINS ROBERT NEAL
申请人
ALEXIUM
主分类号
IPC分类号
B01F-017/00 C09K-021/12 C09K-021/14
摘要
(US10190051)
An emulsion includes at least one polymeric surfactant, water and at least one organophosphorous compound. The emulsion may include from about 1% to about 40% of the polymeric surfactant and from about 40% to about 80% of the organophosphorous compound. The emulsion may further include at least one salt or additional surfactant. The at least one polymeric surfactant may include silicone-based surfactants, polyoxypropylene-based surfactants, graft copolymers of polysaccharides, and combinations thereof. The at least one polymeric surfactant may account for about 25% to about 100% by weight of the surfactant content in the emulsion and the at least one secondary surfactant, if present, may account for up to about 75% by weight of the surfactant content in the emulsion. The emulsion may have an average dispersed phase drop size of less than about 5 micron, or less than about 1 micron, after 6 months.
机翻摘要
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地址
代理人
(US10190051) Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP
代理机构
优先权号
2014US-62010185 2015US-14724128
主权利要求
(US10190051)
That which is claimed is:
1. A composition comprising an emulsion, the emulsion comprising at least one polymeric surfactant, water and at least one hydrophobic organophosphorous compound selected from the group consisting of:
 wherein 
  each R1 is independently a monovalent aryl, arylalkyl, or alkyl substituent containing up to 20 carbon atoms, 
  each R3 is independently a monovalent aryl, arylalkyl, alkyl, hydrogen, phosphate ester, silyl, or phosphonate ester substituent containing up to 20 carbon atoms; 
  each R2 is independently a divalent aryl, arylalkyl, or alkyl substituent containing up to 20 carbon atoms; 
  R1, R3 and R2 each optionally include one or more heteroatoms in the substituents; and 
  n is from 1 to 100;
 wherein 
  each R1 is independently a monovalent aryl, arylalkyl, or alkyl substituent containing up to 20 carbon atoms, 
  each R3 is independently a monovalent aryl, arylalkyl, alkyl, hydrogen, phosphate ester, silyl, or phosphonate ester substituent containing up to 20 carbon atoms; 
  each R2 is independently a divalent aryl, arylalkyl, or alkyl substituent containing up to 20 carbon atoms; 
  R1, R3 and R2 each optionally include one or more heteroatoms in the substituents; and 
  n is from 1 to 100; and
 wherein 
  R1 and R2 are independently monovalent aryl, arylalkyl, alkyl, hydrogen, phosphate ester, silyl, or phosphonate ester substituents containing up to 20 carbon atoms; 
  each R3 and R4 are independently monovalent aryl, arylalkyl, or alkyl substituents containing up to 20 carbon atoms; 
  R5 is a divalent aryl, arylalkyl, or alkyl substituent containing up to 20 carbon atoms; 
  each R6 and R7 are independently divalent aryl, arylalkyl, or alkyl substituents containing up to 20 carbon atoms; 
  R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, and R7 each optionally include one or more heteroatoms in the substituents; 
  m is from 1 to 100; and 
  n is from 1 to 100, wherein the emulsion is an oil-in-water emulsion, and wherein the at least one hydrophobic organophosphorous compound forms the oil of the oil in water emulsion.
2. The composition of claim 1, wherein the emulsion comprises at least about 1% by weight of the at least one polymeric surfactant and up to about 80% by weight of the organophosphorous compound.
3. The composition of claim 1, wherein the emulsion further comprises at least one salt or additional surfactant.
4. The composition of claim 1, wherein the emulsion further comprises at least one salt in an amount of approximately 0.1 to about 5% by weight of the emulsion.
5. The composition of claim 1, wherein the emulsion has an average dispersed phase drop size of less than about 5 micron after 6 months.
6. The composition of claim 1, wherein the emulsion has an average dispersed phase drop size of less than about 1 micron after 6 months.
7. The composition of claim 1, wherein the content of organophosphorous compound in the emulsion is from about 40% by weight to a concentration corresponding to that in which phase inversion occurs in the emulsion.
8. The composition of claim 1, wherein the at least one organophosphorous compound is the compound of Formula (I), and wherein: 
 R1 is a phenyl group, R2 is a phenyl group covalently bonded in the 1 and 3 position, R3 is a diphenyl phosphate, and n is from 1 to 7; 
 R1 is a phenyl group, R2 is a 1,1-dimethyl-1,1-di(4′-phenyl) that is covalently bonded in the 1′ positions, R3 is a diphenyl phosphate, and n is from 1 to 7; 
 R1 is a phenyl group, R2 is a mixture of ethyl and phenyl groups, R3 is a diphenyl phosphate, and n is from 1 to 7; 
 R1 is a methyl group, R2 is a phenyl group that is covalently bonded in the 1 and 3 position, R3 is an acetyl group, and n is from 1 to 15; or 
 R1 is an isopropyl group, R2 is an octyl group, R3 is a hydrogen, and n is from 1 to 8.
9. The composition of claim 1, wherein the at least one organophosphorous compound is the compound of Formula (II), and wherein: 
 R1 is a methyl group, R2 is a phenyl group covalently bonded in the 1 and 3 position, R3 is a hydrogen, and n is from 1 to 10; 
 R1 is a methyl group, R2 is a phenyl group covalently bonded in the 1 and 3 position, R3 is an acetyl group, and n is from 1 to 10; 
 R1 is a phenyl group, R2 is a phenyl group covalently bonded in the 1 and 3 positions, R3 is a silyl group, and n is from 1 to 20; or 
 R1 is a hydroxymethyl group, R2 is a phenyl group covalently bonded in the 1 and 4 positions, and n is from 1 to 15.
10. The composition of claim 1, wherein the emulsion comprises from about 1% to about 40% by weight of the at least one polymeric surfactant and from about 40% to about 80% by weight of the organophosphorous compound.
11. The composition of claim 10, wherein the emulsion comprises from about 1% to about 10% by weight of the at least one polymeric surfactant.
12. The composition of claim 1, wherein the at least one polymeric surfactant is selected from the group consisting of silicone-based surfactants, polyoxypropylene-based surfactants, graft copolymers of polysaccharides, and combinations thereof.
13. The composition of claim 12, wherein the at least one polymeric surfactant comprises a polyoxypropylene-based surfactant.
14. The composition of claim 1, wherein the emulsion further comprises at least one secondary surfactant selected from the group consisting of an anionic surfactant, a cationic surfactant, a non-polymeric non-ionic surfactant, a further polymeric surfactant, and combinations thereof.
15. The composition of claim 14, wherein the at least one polymeric surfactant accounts for about 25% to about 100% by weight of the surfactant content in the emulsion and the at least one secondary surfactant accounts for up to about 75% by weight of the surfactant content in the emulsion.
法律状态
GRANTED
专利类型码
B2 A1
国别省市代码
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