Tunable materials 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

公开号/公开日
US2015183997 A1 2015-07-02 [US20150183997] / 2015-07-02
申请号/申请日
2013US-14410009 / 2013-04-30
发明人
VIRTANEN JORMA;
申请人
TESLA NANOCOATINGS;
主分类号
IPC分类号
C07D-303/30C07F-007/18C09D-005/08C09D-005/10
摘要
(US20150183997) One or more techniques are disclosed for a method for functionalized a graphitic material comprising the steps of: 1) providing a graphitic material; 2) providing a first molecule comprising a first group, a spacer, and a second group; 3) providing a second molecule comprising a third group, a spacer, and a fourth group, wherein said third group is a different group from said first group; and 4) bonding the first molecule and the second molecule to the graphitic material.  Also disclosed is a tunable material composition comprising the functionalized carbon nanotubes or functionalized graphene prepared by the methods described herein.
机翻摘要
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地址
代理人
代理机构
;
优先权号
2012FI-0000198 2012-06-21 2013US-14410009 2013-04-30 2013US-61850561 2013-02-20 2013WO-US38852 2013-04-30
主权利要求
(US20150183997) What is claimed is: 1.  A process for preparing a functionalized graphitic material, comprising the steps of: providing a graphitic material;   providing a first molecule comprising a first group, a first spacer, and a second group;   providing a second molecule comprising a third group, a second spacer, and a fourth group, wherein said third group is a different group from said first group; and   bonding said second group and said fourth group to said graphitic material. 2. The process of claim 1, wherein said graphitic material comprises at least one material of a carbon nanotube and graphene. 3. The process of claim 1, wherein said first group comprises at least one group of hydroxyl, thiol, amino, epoxy, carboxyl, and silyl. 4. The process of claim 1, wherein said second group comprises at least one group of amino, epoxy, hydroxyl, carboxyl, silyl, and thiol. 5. The process of claim 1, wherein said third group comprises at least one group of thiol, carboxyl, trialkoxysilyl, phosphoryl ester, crown ether, cyclopetadienyl, cryptand, dioxime, and N-heteocycle. 6. The process of claim 1, wherein said fourth group comprises at least one group of amino, epoxy, hydroxyl, carboxyl, silyl, and thiol. 7. The process of claim 1, wherein said first molecule comprises at least one molecule of diamino compound, diepoxy compound, and amino alcohol compound. 8. The process of claim 1, wherein said second molecule comprises at least one molecule of a diester of O-phosphorylethanolamine and aminopropyl trialkoxysilane. 9. The process of claim 1, wherein said bonding is provided by at least one method of mechanical milling, ultrasonic vibration, and high pressure microfluidic injection. 10. The process of claim 1, further comprising the step of: polymerizing said first group. 11. The process of claim 1, further comprising the step of: polymerizing said third group. 12. The process of claim 1, further comprising the step of: binding a sacrificial metal particle to said third group. 13. The process of claim 12, wherein said sacrificial metal particle comprise at least one metal of zinc, magnesium, nickel, aluminum, and cobalt. 14. The process of claim 12, wherein an electrical contact is made between said sacrificial metal particle and said functionalized graphitic material. 15. The process of claim 12, further comprising the step of: transferring a cation of said sacrificial metal particle by ionic conductance. 16. The process of claim 1, further comprising the step of: incorporating said functionalized graphitic material into a plastic composite. 17. The process of claim 16, wherein said plastic composite is thermoset. 18. A tunable material composition comprising: a thermoset plastic; and   a functionalized graphitic material prepared by the method comprising the steps of: providing a graphitic material;   providing a first molecule comprising a first group, a first spacer, and a second group;   providing a second molecule comprising a third group, a second spacer, and a fourth group, wherein said third group is a different group from said first group; and   bonding said second group and said fourth group to said graphitic material. 19. The composition of claim 18, wherein said thermoset plastic is at least one plastic of an epoxy, a polyacrylate, a polyurethane, and a phenolformaldehyde. 20. The composition of claim 18, wherein said graphitic material is at least one material of carbon nanotubes and graphene. 21. The composition of claim 18, wherein said first group comprises at least one group of hydroxyl, thiol, amino, epoxy, carboxyl, and silyl. 22. The composition of claim 18, wherein said second group comprises at least one group of amino, epoxy, hydroxyl, carboxyl, silyl, and thiol. 23. The composition of claim 18, wherein said third group comprises at least one group of thiol, carboxyl, trialkoxysilyl, phosphoryl ester, crown ether, cyclopetadienyl, cryptand, dioxime, and N-heteocycle. 24. The composition of claim 18, wherein said fourth group comprises at least one group of amino, epoxy, hydroxyl, carboxyl, silyl, and thiol. 25. The composition of claim 18, wherein said graphitic material is functionalized with at least one hardener of diaminobenzene, diamino polyethyleneoxide, diamino polypropyleneoxide, diamine cyclohexane derivatives, and aminated tall oil. 26. The composition of claim 18, further comprising at least one particle of macroparticles, microparticles, and nanoparticles. 27. The composition of claim 26, wherein said macroparticles comprise at least one macroparticle of sand, glass, basalt, alumina, silica, titanium dioxide, ceramic, and graphite fibers. 28. The composition of claim 26, wherein said microparticles comprise at least one microparticle of titanium dioxide, silica, ceramic, graphite, iron phosphate, alumina, nickel, cobalt, zinc, aluminum, and magnesium. 29. The composition of claim 26, wherein said nanoparticles comprise at least one nanoparticle of titanium dioxide, copper oxide, iron phosphate, silver, silica, and alumina. 30. The composition of claim 18, wherein said tunable material composition is used in anticorrosion coatings for electromagnetic interference shields, magnetic shields, conductors, super capacitors, and pre-impregnated composites. 31. A process for preparing a functionalized graphitic material, comprising the steps of: providing a graphitic material;   providing a first molecule comprising a first amino group, a first spacer, and a trialkoxysiloxane group;   providing a second molecule comprising a second amino group, a second spacer, and a third amino group; and   bonding said first amino group and said second amino to said graphitic material. 32. The process of claim 31, wherein said graphitic material comprises at least one material of a carbon nanotube and graphene. 33. The process of claim 31, wherein said bonding is provided by at least one method of mechanical milling, ultrasonic vibration, and high pressure microfluidic injection. 34. The process of claim 31, further comprising the step of: polymerizing said third amino group with an epoxy monomer or epoxy oligomer 35. The process of claim 31, further comprising the step of: polymerizing said third amino group with urethane monomer or urethane oligomer. 36. The process of claim 31, further comprising the step of: polymerizing said trialkoxysiloxane group with silicone monomer. 37. The process of claim 31, further comprising the step of: binding aluminum oxide to said trialkoxysiloxane group. 38. The process of claim 31, further comprising the step of: binding silica to said trialkoxysiloxane group. 39. The process of claim 31, further comprising the step of: binding a sacrificial metal particle to said trialkoxysiloxane group. 40. The process of claim 39, wherein said sacrificial metal particle comprise at least one metal of zinc, magnesium, nickel, aluminum, and cobalt. 41. The process of claim 39, wherein an electrical contact is made between said sacrificial metal particle and said functionalized graphitic material. 42. The process of claim 31, further comprising the step of: incorporating said functionalized graphitic material into a plastic composite. 43. The process of claim 42, wherein said plastic composite is thermoset. 44. The process of claim 42, wherein said plastic composite comprises at least one resin of epoxy, polyacrylate, polyurethane, and phenolformaldehyde. 45. A tunable material composition comprising: a thermoset plastic;   silicone; and   a functionalized graphitic material prepared by the method comprising the steps of: providing said graphitic material;   providing a first molecule comprising a first amino group, a first spacer, and a trialkoxysiloxane group;   providing a second molecule comprising a second amino group, a second spacer, and a third amino group; and   bonding said first amino group and said second amino to said graphitic material. 46. The composition of claim 45, wherein said thermoset plastic is at least one plastic of an epoxy, polyacrylate, polyurethane, and phenolformaldehyde. 47. The composition of claim 45, wherein said graphitic material is at least one material of carbon nanotubes and graphene. 48. The composition of claim 45, wherein said graphitic material is functionalized with at least one hardener of diaminobenzene, diamino polyethyleneoxide, diamino polypropyleneoxide, diamine cyclohexane derivatives, and aminated tall oil. 49. The composition of claim 45, further comprising at least one particle of macroparticles, microparticles, and nanoparticles. 50. The composition of claim 49, wherein said macroparticles comprise at least one macroparticle of sand, glass, basalt, alumina, silica, titanium dioxide, ceramic, and graphite fibers. 51. The composition of claim 49, wherein said microparticles comprise at least one microparticle of titanium dioxide, silica, ceramic, graphite, iron phosphate, alumina, nickel, cobalt, zinc, aluminum, and magnesium. 52. The composition of claim 49, wherein said nanoparticles comprise at least one nanoparticle of titanium dioxide, copper oxide, iron phosphate, silver, silica, and alumina. 53. The composition of claim 45, wherein said tunable material composition is used in electromagnetic interference shields, magnetic shields, conductors, super capacitors, and pre-impregnated composites. 54. A process of making a corrosion resistant coating system, comprising the steps of: providing a substrate;   applying to said substrate a first layer of a tunable material composition comprising a thermoset plastic; and at least one functionalized graphitic material of carbon nanotubes and graphene prepared by the method comprising the steps of: providing a graphitic material;   providing a first molecule comprising a first group, a first spacer, and a second group;   providing a second molecule comprising a third group, a second spacer, and a fourth group, wherein said third group is a different group from said first group; and   bonding said second group and said fourth group to said graphitic material;    applying a second layer comprising an electrically insulating material to said first layer; and   applying to said second layer a third layer of a tunable material composition comprising a thermoset plastic; and at least one functionalized graphitic material of carbon nanotubes and graphene prepared by the method comprising the steps of: providing a graphitic material;   providing a first molecule comprising a first group, a first spacer, and a second group;   providing a second molecule comprising a third group, a second spacer, and a fourth group, wherein said third group is a different group from said first group; and   bonding said second group and said fourth group to said graphitic material. 55. The process of claim 54, wherein said first group comprises at least one group of hydroxyl, thiol, amino, epoxy, carboxyl, and silyl. 56. The process of claim 54, wherein said second group comprises at least one group of amino, epoxy, hydroxyl, carboxyl, silyl, and thiol. 57. The process of claim 54, wherein said third group comprises at least one group of thiol, carboxyl, trialkoxysilyl, phosphoryl ester, crown ether, cyclopetadienyl, cryptand, dioxime, and N-heteocycle. 58. The process of claim 54, wherein said fourth group comprises at least one group of amino, epoxy, hydroxyl, carboxyl, silyl, and thiol. 59. A process of making a corrosion resistant coating system, comprising the steps of: providing a substrate;   applying to said substrate a first layer of a tunable material composition comprising a thermoset plastic; silicone; and at least one functionalized graphitic material of carbon nanotubes and graphene prepared by the method comprising the steps of: providing a graphitic material;   providing a first molecule comprising a first amino group, a first spacer, and a trialkoxysiloxane group;   providing a second molecule comprising a second amino group, a second spacer, and a third amino group; and   bonding said first amino group and said second amino to said graphitic material;    applying a second layer comprising an electrically insulating material to said first layer; and   applying to said second layer a third layer of a tunable material composition comprising a thermoset plastic; silicone; and at least one functionalized graphitic material of carbon nanotubes and graphene prepared by the method comprising the steps of: providing a graphitic material;   providing a first molecule comprising a first amino group, a first spacer, and a trialkoxysiloxane group;   providing a second molecule comprising a second amino group, a second spacer, and a third amino group; and   bonding said first amino group and said second amino to said graphitic material.
法律状态
(US20150183997) LEGAL DETAILS FOR US2015183997  Actual or expected expiration date=2033-04-30    Legal state=ALIVE    Status=PENDING     Event publication date=2013-04-30  Event code=US/APP  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Application details  Application country=US US14410009  Application date=2013-04-30  Standardized application number=2013US-14410009     Event publication date=2015-07-02  Event code=US/A1  Event type=Examination events  Application published  Publication country=US  Publication number=US2015183997  Publication stage Code=A1  Publication date=2015-07-02  Standardized publication number=US20150183997     Event publication date=2016-05-24  Event code=US/AS  Event type=Change of name or address  Event type=Reassignment  Assignment OWNER: TESLA NANOCOATINGS, INC., OHIO  Effective date of the event=2016-04-01  ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST ASSIGNOR:VIRTANEN, JORMA REEL/FRAME:038705/0804     Event publication date=2016-05-24  Event code=US/AS  Event type=Change of name or address  Event type=Reassignment  Assignment OWNER: TESLA NANOCOATINGS, INC., OHIO  Effective date of the event=2016-04-01  ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST ASSIGNOR:VIRTANEN, JORMA REEL/FRAME:038705/0804
专利类型码
A1
国别省市代码
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