Laser drilling method and system 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

公开号/公开日
US2011278270 A1 2011-11-17 [US20110278270] US9062499 B2 2015-06-23 [US9062499] / 2011-11-17 2015-06-23
申请号/申请日
2009US-13131619 / 2009-11-30
发明人
BRAGA ARTHUR MARTINS BARBOSA; MARTELLI CICERO
申请人
PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDADE CATOLICA DO RIO DE JANEIRO - PUC RIO
主分类号
IPC分类号
B23K-026/00;B28D-001/14;E21B-007/14;E21B-011/02;H01S-003/00;H01S-003/13
摘要
(US9062499)
A laser drilling system (100) for drilling rocks, soil and engineering materials with the aid of high-intensity laser light is described, which comprises an optical drill (104) for supplying laser light for the drilling of said materials provided with sensors (106); a control and operations center (101) comprising computer and supervising software with integrated logic; a cooling and debris withdrawal system (105) an energy source (102); an energy conductor (103) provided with sensors (107) and laser systems (201) for emitting high-intensity laser light and optical fibers (123) for conducting the so-generated laser light, so that the information collected by sensors (106), (107) supply said control and operations center (101) and said control and operations center (101) determines improved operation conditions of the optical drill (104) for the drilling of said solid materials or mixtures of solid and liquid materials relative to state-of-the-art drilling systems. 
The drilling method employing the system of the invention is also described.
机翻摘要
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地址
代理人
代理机构
优先权号
2008BR-0006638 2008-11-28 2009WO-BR00405 2009-11-30
主权利要求
(US9062499)
The invention claimed is:
1. 
A system for laser drilling of solid materials or mixtures of solid and liquid materials, wherein said system comprises: a) an optical drill (104) for supplying laser light for drilling said materials, said optical drill (104) being provided with first sensors (106), said first sensors (106) being connected via first bus (17) to: 

b) a control and operations center (101) comprising computer and supervising software with integrated logic, said control and operations center (101) being in its turn connected to i) a cooling and debris withdrawal system (105) via second bus (13), the said cooling and debris withdrawal system (105) being connected via pipe (14) to said optical drill (104); ii) an energy source (102) via third bus (10); and iii) the said optical drill (104) via fourth bus (19); 

c) an energy conductor (103) provided with second sensors (107) connected to said control and operations center (101) via fifth bus (18), said energy conductor (103) being connected to i) said energy source (102) via sixth bus (11); ii) said cooling and debris withdrawal system (105) via seventh bus (20); iii) said control and operations center (101) via fifth bus (18); and said optical drill (104) via eighth bus (12); and 

d) laser systems (201) for emitting high-intensity laser light and optical fibers (123) for conducting the so-generated laser light, 

so that information collected by the first and second sensors (106), (107) is supplied to said control and operations center (101) and said control and operations center (101) determines improved operation conditions of the optical drill (104) for the drilling of said solid materials or mixtures of solid and liquid materials relative to state-of-the-art drilling systems, and 

wherein the said cooling and debris withdrawal system (105) supplies fluids to the surface to be drilled for cooling the said optical drill (104) within a drill pipe (170), withdraws heat from the said optical drill (104) by removing the fluids from the said drill pipe (170), and withdraws debris generated by the said optical drill (104) action on the surface to be drilled also by removing the fluids containing the debris from the said drill pipe (170).
2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the said optical drill (104) performs the functions of: i) focusing and distribution of the high-intensity laser light on the surface to be drilled; ii) self-positioning by performing translation, angular and rotation movements; and iii) injection of fluids for protecting the optical parts of the said optical drill (104), and removing the debris resulting from the drilling and cooling of the optical, mechanical and electrical systems.
3. The system according to claim 2, wherein the said first sensors (106) are selected from the group consisting of localized, semi-distributed and distributed sensors and are in charge of i) monitoring the operation conditions of the various systems disposed in the said optical drill (104) including temperature assessment, mechanical efforts, pressure and optical degradation; ii) monitoring of the debris resulting from the drilling with the aid of spectroscopic and photochemical sensors; iii) imaging in real time of the surface drilled by the said optical drill (104); and iv) performing geopositioning for the control of the direction of drilling with the aid of the mechanical positioning systems of said optical drill (104).
4. The system according to claim 3, wherein the said second sensors (107) of the energy conductor (103) are in charge of: i) monitoring the operation conditions of the said energy conductor (103); ii) assessing the localized, semi-distributed and distributed temperature along the said energy conductor (103); iii) mechanical efforts in defined, distributed regions along the said energy conductor (103); and iv) spectroscopic analysis of the constituent materials of well walls in localized, semi-distributed and distributed mode along the said energy conductor (103).
5. The system according to claim 1, wherein the said second sensors (107) of the energy conductor (103) are in charge of: i) monitoring the operation conditions of the said energy conductor (103); ii) assessing the localized, semi-distributed and distributed temperature along the said energy conductor (103); iii) mechanical efforts in defined, distributed regions along the said energy conductor (103); and iv) spectroscopic analysis of the constituent materials of well walls in localized, semi-distributed and distributed mode along the said energy conductor (103).
6. The system according to claim 5, wherein the second sensors (107a) are a group of sensors localized and semi-distributed located along the said energy conductor (103) and along a drill pipe (170).
7. The system according to claim 5, wherein the second sensors (107b) are a group of distributed sensors located along the said energy conductor (103) and along the said drill pipe (170).
8. The system according to claim 1, wherein the laser light system (201) is located near the said energy source (102).
9. The system according to claim 8, wherein the said energy conductor (103) conveys the light emitted by said laser light system (201) up to the said optical drill (104), said energy conductor (103) being made up of optical fibers selected from the group consisting of vitreous, crystalline, monomode, and multimode optical fibers, with varied refractive index profiles, arranged either individually or in bundles.
10. The system according to claim 1, wherein the said laser light system (201) is located near the optical drill (104) and within the said drill pipe (170), a unit (202) supplied by the energy source (102) and designed for control and supply of the said laser system (201) being installed remotely together with the said energy source (102) and the cooling and debris withdrawal system (105).
11. The system according to claim 10, wherein said energy conductor (103) is metallic and conveys electricity for supplying to the laser light system (201).
12. The system according to claim 1, 8 or 10, wherein the operation wavelength(s) of the high-intensity laser light and the laser light system (201) regime are tuned.
13. The system according to claim 1, wherein the cooling and debris withdrawal system (105) is selected from the group consisting of hydraulic, pneumatic, and mixed hydraulic-pneumatic systems, and is in charge of cooling and thermal stabilization of i) the energy conductor (103) through a device (20) selected from the group consisting of cooling pipe and heat exchanger, and ii) all of the systems are integrated in the said optical tip (104) through the pipe (14).
14. The system according to claim 13, wherein the pipe (14) comprises pipes for i) injection of fluids and withdrawal of debris resulting from the action of the laser light and ii) suction of the mixture of injected fluids with the solid debris, the injected and withdrawn fluids being the same or different.
15. The system according to claim 1, wherein the delivery of the energy to the surface to be drilled is performed with the aid of high-intensity laser light conducting optical fibers (120), said optical fibers being physically the continuity of energy-conducting optical fibers (123).
16. The system according to claim 15, wherein said optical fibers (120) are optical fibers of lower divergence or negative divergence at the output end, and are emended to said energy-conducting optical fibers (123).
17. The system according to claim 1, wherein the system is employed in perforation gun operations in oil and gas wells.
18. A method for drilling solid materials with the aid of the system according to claim 1, wherein said method comprises the steps of: a) fixing the optical drill (104) to a drill string and positioning said optical drill (104) perpendicularly and at optimal distance from the surface to be drilled by the control action executed by the said control and operations center (101) and control commands conveyed to said optical drill (104) by the fourth bus (19); 

b) allowing that the first sensors (106) installed in the said optical drill (104) perform: i) assessment of the optical properties of the constituent materials of the surface to be drilled, including absorption, reflectivity and optical emission; ii) imaging of the surface to be drilled; and iii) assessment of the relative distance between the said optical drill (104) and the surface to be drilled; 

c) conveying such information obtained in step b) to the control and operations center (101) by the first bus (17) and making use of said information for establishing the optimal operation distance; 

d) conveying the parameter "optimal operation distance" to said optical drill (104) by the fourth bus (19) so that said optical drill (104) is positioned at the established distance; 

e) based on the information received by said control and operations center (101), defining from said control and operations center (101) a command by the second bus (13) to the cooling and debris withdrawal system (105) for cooling the said optical drill (104) and withdrawing debris resulting from the laser action on the surface to be drilled with the aid of the pipe (14); 

f) with the aid of the first sensors (106), perform the assessment of the optical drill (104) temperature as well as the efficiency of the debris withdrawal by cooling and withdrawal debris fluids respectively, and thereafter conveying the information obtained to the control and operations center (101) via the first bus (17); 

g) from the control and operations center (101), conveying a control command to said energy source (102) via the third bus (10) so as to supply the laser light system (201) with the aid of energy conductor (103); 

h) directing the high intensity laser light generated by the laser light system (201) on the surface to be drilled by optical drill (104), so that the interaction of said high-intensity laser light with the material which constitutes the surface generates solid, particulate debris to be removed by the cooling and debris withdrawal system (105); 

i) performing the drilling of the said surface under optimized drilling conditions, with the optical drill (104) moving in the drilling direction perpendicular to the said surface, the optimal distance optical drill (104) surface being kept by the definition in real time performed by the control and operations center (101) following continuous monitoring of the said surface and its materials and of the debris resulting from the laser action by the first sensors (106); and 

j) through the said cooling and debris withdrawal system (105), supplying fluids to the surface to be drilled for cooling the said optical drill (104) within a drill pipe (170), withdrawing heat from the said optical drill (104) by removing the fluids from the said drill pipe (170), and withdrawing debris generated by the said optical drill (104) action on the surface to be drilled also by removing the fluids containing the debris from the said drill pipe (170).
19. The method according to claim 18, wherein when the said laser system (201) is located near the said optical drill (104), the energy source (102) supplies electricity to the energy laser source (202) and the energy conductor (103) is cooled by the cooling and debris removal system (105) via a device (20) selected from the group consisting of cooling pipe and heat exchanger while being continuously monitored by the second sensors (107), the information being conveyed to the control and operations center (101) by the fifth bus (18).
20. The method according to claim 18, wherein the high-intensity laser light operation wavelength(s) and the laser system (201) regime are tuned.
21. The method according to claim 18, further comprising the step of using the said second sensors (107) of the energy conductor (103) for: i) monitoring the operation conditions of the said energy conductor (103); ii) assessing the localized, semi-distributed and distributed temperature along the said energy conductor (103); iii) mechanical efforts in defined, distributed regions along the said energy conductor (103); and iv) spectroscopic analysis of the constituent materials of well walls in localized, semi-distributed and distributed mode along the said energy conductor (103).
法律状态
(US9062499)
LEGAL DETAILS FOR US2011278270

Actual or expected expiration date=2032-01-28   
Legal state=ALIVE   
Status=GRANTED 



Event publication date=2009-11-30 
Event code=US/APP 
Event indicator=Pos 
Event type=Examination events 
Application details

Application country=US US13131619 
Application date=2009-11-30 
Standardized application number=2009US-13131619 



Event publication date=2011-06-20 
Event code=US/AS 
Event type=Change of name or address 
Event type=Reassignment 
Assignment
OWNER: FACULDADES CATOLICAS, SOCIEDADE CIVIL MANTENEDORA

Effective date of the event=2011-06-10 
ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST ASSIGNORS:BRAGA, ARTHUR MARTINS BARBOSA MARTELLI, CICERO REEL/FRAME:026480/0618 



Event publication date=2011-11-17 
Event code=US/A1 
Event type=Examination events 
Application published

Publication country=US 
Publication number=US2011278270 
Publication stage Code=A1 
Publication date=2011-11-17 
Standardized publication number=US20110278270 



Event publication date=2015-06-23 
Event code=US/B2 
Event indicator=Pos 
Event type=Event indicating In Force 
Granted patent as second publication

Publication country=US 
Publication number=US9062499 
Publication stage Code=B2 
Publication date=2015-06-23 
Standardized publication number=US9062499 



Event publication date=2015-06-23 
Event code=US/354 
Event indicator=Pos 
Event type=Event indicating In Force 
Event type=Extension of term of duration of protection 
Patent term extension under  35 U.S.C 154(b) until/for: 
Number of days of extension=789
专利类型码
A1 B2
国别省市代码
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