The high temperature crystallization behavior of polytitanosilazane-derived amorphous SiTiN ceramics was investigated in a nitrogen atmosphere using XRD, Raman spectroscopy, TEM, SEM and BET. At 1400 degrees C, TiN is the first phase to nucleate in SiTiN ceramics forming nanocomposites with a homogeneous distribution of TiN nanocrystals within an amorphous Si3N4 matrix. Above 1400 degrees C, XRD indicates that the temperature at which Si3N4 crystallizes depends on the volume fraction ofTiN present in nanocomposites. This is closely related to the chemistry of the polyorganosilazanes used to synthesize polytitanosilazanes. The use of perhydridopolysilazane, the most reactive polyorganosilazane, allows preparing TiN/Si3N4 nanocomposites with a remarkable stability of the amorphous matrix up to 1800 degrees C as mesoporous materials and powders. Dense monoliths crystallize earlier than the powder analogs because of the use of an ammonia pre-treatment before polymer warm-pressing. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.