Short-wave infrared super-continuum lasers for natural gas leak detection, exploration, and other active remote sensing applications 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

公开号/公开日
US2015316415 A1 2015-11-05 [US20150316415]US9500634 B2 2016-11-22 [US9500634] / 2015-11-052016-11-22
申请号/申请日
2013US-14650981 / 2013-12-17
发明人
ISLAM MOHAMMED N;
申请人
OMNI MEDSCI;
主分类号
IPC分类号
A61B-005/00A61B-005/145A61B-005/1455G01J-003/00G01J-003/10G01J-003/14G01J-003/18G01J-003/28G01J-003/453G01N-021/359G01N-033/15G01N-033/49H01S-003/30
摘要
(US9500634) A system and method for using near-infrared or short-wave infrared (SWIR) light sources between approximately 1.4-1.8 microns, 2-2.5 microns, 1.4-2.4 microns, 1-1.8 microns for active remote sensing or hyper-spectral imaging for detection of natural gas leaks or exploration sense the presence of hydro-carbon gases such as methane and ethane.  Most hydro-carbons (gases, liquids and solids) exhibit spectral features in the SWIR, which may also coincide with atmospheric transmission windows (e.g., approximately 1.4-1.8 microns or 2-2.5 microns).  Active remote sensing or hyper-spectral imaging systems may include a fiber-based super-continuum laser and a detection system and may reside on an aircraft, vehicle, handheld, or stationary platform.  Super-continuum sources may emit light in the near-infrared or SWIR.  An imaging spectrometer or a gas-filter correlation radiometer may be used to identify substances or materials such as oil spills, geology and mineralogy, vegetation, greenhouse gases, construction materials, plastics, explosives, fertilizers, paints, or drugs.
机翻摘要
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地址
代理人
代理机构
;
优先权号
2012US-61747472 2012-12-31 2012US-61747477 2012-12-31 2012US-61747481 2012-12-31 2012US-61747485 2012-12-31 2012US-61747487 2012-12-31 2012US-61747492 2012-12-31 2012US-61747553 2012-12-31 2013US-14108974 2013-12-17 2013US-14108986 2013-12-17 2013US-14108
主权利要求
(US9500634) What is claimed is: 1.  A measurement system comprising: a light source configured to generate an output optical beam, comprising: one or more semiconductor sources configured to generate an input beam;   one or more optical amplifiers configured to receive at least a portion of the input beam and to deliver an intermediate beam to an output end of the one or more optical amplifiers;   one or more optical fibers configured to receive at least a portion of the intermediate beam and to deliver at least the portion of the intermediate beam to a distal end of the one or more optical fibers to form a first optical beam;   a nonlinear element configured to receive at least a portion of the first optical beam and to broaden a spectrum associated with the at least a portion of the first optical beam to at least 10 nm through a nonlinear effect in the nonlinear element to form the output optical beam with an output beam broadened spectrum; and   wherein at least a portion of the output beam broadened spectrum comprises a short-wave infrared wavelength between approximately 1400 nanometers and approximately 2500 nanometers, and wherein at least a portion of the one of more fibers is a fused silica fiber with a core diameter less than approximately 400 microns;    a measurement apparatus configured to receive a received portion of the output optical beam and to deliver a delivered portion of the output optical beam to a sample, wherein the delivered portion of the output optical beam is configured to generate a spectroscopy output beam from the sample; and   a receiver configured to receive at least a portion of the spectroscopy output beam having a bandwidth of at least 10 nanometers and to process the portion of the spectroscopy output beam to generate an output signal, and wherein the light source and the receiver are remote from the sample, and wherein the output signal is based on a chemical composition of the sample. 2. The system of claim 1, wherein the measurement apparatus is a stand-off detection apparatus, and the spectroscopy output beam is based at least in part on diffuse reflection from the sample. 3. The system of claim 1, wherein the output signal is configured for leak detection, natural gas exploration, or oil spill detection. 4. The system of claim 1, wherein the output signal corresponds to overtone or combinational bands of the chemical composition of the sample. 5. The system of claim 1, wherein the receiver comprises a detection system comprising gas filter correlation radiometry. 6. A measurement system comprising: a light source configured to generate an output optical beam, comprising:   a plurality of semiconductor sources configured to generate an input optical beam;   a multiplexer configured to receive at least a portion of the input optical beam and to form an intermediate optical beam;   one or more fibers configured to receive at least a portion of the intermediate optical beam and to form the output optical beam; wherein at least a portion of the one or more fibers comprises a fused silica fiber having a core diameter less than approximately 400 microns;    wherein the output optical beam comprises one or more optical wavelengths, at least a portion of which are between approximately 1400 nanometers and approximately 2500 nanometers; and   wherein the output optical beam has a broadened spectrum relative to the intermediate optical beam of at least 10 nanometers;   a measurement apparatus configured to receive a received portion of the output optical beam and to deliver a delivered portion of the output optical beam to a sample, wherein the delivered portion of the output optical beam is configured to generate a spectroscopy output beam from the sample; and   a receiver configured to receive at least a portion of the spectroscopy output beam having a bandwidth of at least 10 nanometers and to process the portion of the spectroscopy output beam to generate an output signal; and   wherein the light source and the receiver are remote from the sample, and wherein the output signal is based on a chemical composition of the sample. 7. The system of claim 6, wherein the light source comprises a super-continuum laser. 8. The system of claim 6, wherein the measurement apparatus is a stand-off detection apparatus, and the spectroscopy output beam is based at least in part on diffuse reflection from the sample. 9. The system of claim 6, wherein the output signal corresponds to overtone or combinational bands of the chemical composition of the sample. 10. The system of claim 6, wherein the output signal is configured for leak detection. 11. The system of claim 6, wherein the spectroscopy output beam comprises spectral features of hydrocarbons or organic compounds. 12. The system of claim 6, wherein the receiver comprises a wavelength tunable detection system. 13. The system of claim 6, wherein the receiver comprises a detection system comprising gas filter correlation radiometry. 14. The system of claim 6, wherein the output signal is configured for natural gas identification or oil spill identification. 15. A method of measuring, comprising: generating an output optical beam, comprising: generating an input optical beam from a plurality of semiconductor sources;   multiplexing at least a portion of the input optical beam and forming an intermediate optical beam; and   guiding at least a portion of the intermediate optical beam using one or more fibers including a fused silica fiber having a core diameter less than 400 microns and forming the output optical beam;   wherein the output optical beam comprises one or more optical wavelengths between 1400 nanometers and 2500 nanometers; and   broadening the spectrum of at least a portion of the intermediate optical beam to at least 10 nanometers to form the output optical beam with an output beam broadened spectrum;   receiving a received portion of the output optical beam and delivering a delivered portion of the output optical beam to a sample located remotely from the generated output optical beam;   generating a spectroscopy output beam having a bandwidth of at least 10 nanometers from the sample, wherein the spectroscopy output beam comprises spectral features of hydrocarbons or organic compounds;   receiving at least a portion of the spectroscopy output beam; and   processing the portion of the spectroscopy output beam and generating an output signal, wherein the output signal is based on a chemical composition of the sample. 16. The method of claim 15, wherein the output signal is configured for leak detection, natural gas exploration, or oil spill detection. 17. The method of claim 15, wherein the output signal corresponds to overtone or combinational bands of the chemical composition of the sample.
法律状态
(US9500634) LEGAL DETAILS FOR US2015316415  Actual or expected expiration date=2033-12-17    Legal state=ALIVE    Status=GRANTED     Event publication date=2013-12-17  Event code=US/APP  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Application details  Application country=US US14650981  Application date=2013-12-17  Standardized application number=2013US-14650981     Event publication date=2015-06-10  Event code=US/AS  Event type=Change of name or address  Event type=Reassignment  Assignment OWNER: OMNI MEDSCI, INC., MICHIGAN  Effective date of the event=2015-06-07  ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST ASSIGNOR:ISLAM, MOHAMMED N. REEL/FRAME:035815/0827     Event publication date=2015-11-05  Event code=US/A1  Event type=Examination events  Application published  Publication country=US  Publication number=US2015316415  Publication stage Code=A1  Publication date=2015-11-05  Standardized publication number=US20150316415     Event publication date=2016-11-22  Event code=US/B2  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Event indicating In Force  Granted patent as second publication  Publication country=US  Publication number=US9500634  Publication stage Code=B2  Publication date=2016-11-22  Standardized publication number=US9500634
专利类型码
A1B2
国别省市代码
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