This study is devoted to the magneto-mechanical characterization of heterogeneous magnetoactive elastomers based on an elastic polydimethylsiloxane matrix with embedded spherical magnetic soft microparticles and magnetic hard microparticles of irregular shape. An issue of the anisotropic mechanical properties of these smart composites is considered. Non-magnetized and pre-magnetized specimens are characterized using a planar shear and axial loading in an externally applied homogeneous magnetic field. The field direction differs relative to the direction of the field used for the specimens pre-magnetization. Results of the different methods allow comparison of the tensile shear moduli for the samples with an initially identical composition. Obtained results demonstrate a strong correlation between the composite behaviour and orientation of the magnetic field used for the pre-magnetization of the sample relative to the external field applied to a sample during the test. Composites pre-magnetized in the direction parallel to an applied mechanical force and external magnetic field show higher magnetorheological response than composites pre-magnetized transversally to the force and the field. Application of the external field directed opposite to the direction of the pre-magnetization reduces the observed stiffening. Moreover, in this situation a softening of the material can be observed, depending on the magnitude of the external field and the field used for pre-magnetization.
magnetic elastomer;controllable anisotropy;magnetic structuring;