Different Strokes for Different Folks: Examining Additive and Complimentary Effects of the Advisory Working Alliance and Research Team Cohesion on Trainees' Research Outcomes 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

来源
Journal of counseling psychology
年/卷/期
2019 / 66 / 1
页码
104-113
ISSN号
0022-0167
作者单位
Univ Iowa, Dept Psychol & Quantitat Fdn, N334 Lindquist Ctr, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA;Univ Iowa, Dept Psychol & Quantitat Fdn, N334 Lindquist Ctr, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA;Univ Iowa, Dept Rehabil & Counselor Educ, Iowa City, IA USA;
作者
Kivlighan, D. Martin, III;Narvaez, Rayna C.;Carter, Walter;
摘要
A primary task of scientific and scientist-practitioner training programs is to assist graduate students in acquiring research skins and, ultimately, developing research and scientific acumen. Informed by Gelso's (1979) model of effective research training environments (RTEs), we assessed the effect of the advisory working alliance and research team cohesion on trainees' research self-efficacy and research activity. With a sample of 76 counseling psychology doctoral trainees nested within 34 advisors, we examined the association between the advisory working alliance and research team cohesion and trainees' research self-efficacy and research activity. Next, we used polynomial regression and response surface analysis to test the additive and complementary effects between the advisory working alliance and research team cohesion on trainees' research self-efficacy and research activity. Univariate analyses indicated that the advisory working alliance and research team cohesion were positively associated with trainees' research self-efficacy and research activity. Moreover, polynomial regression models and response surface analyses indicated an additive effect between the advisory working alliance and research team cohesion on trainees' research self-efficacy and research activity, such that trainees' research self-efficacy and research activity were highest when the advisory working alliance and research team cohesion were consistent and high. Lastly, we found a complementary effect between the advisory working alliance and research team cohesion for trainees' research self-efficacy. meaning research self-efficacy was highest when students perceived either (al high advisory working alliance and low research team cohesion or (b) low advisory working alliance and high research team cohesion. Training implications and future directions are discussed.
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关键词/主题词
advisory working alliance;cohesion;research training environment;counseling psychology;trainee development;
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