Process for the preparation of lactose-free and reduced phosphorus skim milk 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

公开号/公开日
US2018000104 A1 2018-01-04 [US20180000104] / 2018-01-04
申请号/申请日
2017US-15641104 / 2017-07-03
发明人
CLARK GEORGE H;CLARK MARY ANN;
申请人
CLARK GEORGE H;CLARK MARY ANN;
主分类号
IPC分类号
A23C-009/142A23C-009/152
摘要
(US20180000104) A method of preparing a low calorie, Lactose-free and Phosphorus-reduced milk with multiple filtration, centrifugation, carbonation and phase separation steps to remove Lactose and Phosphorus from milk including skim milk.  The method includes a filtration apparatus to employ ultrafiltration to remove Lactose and any component of Lactose.  Ultra-Centrifugation is used additionally to increase and complete the removal of Lactose and to facilitate the reduction of Phosphorous in the final milk preparation.  The process eliminates the conventional use of lactase enzyme to hydrolyze Lactose into its simple sugar components.
机翻摘要
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地址
代理人
代理机构
;
优先权号
2016US-62493422 2016-07-02 2017US-15641104 2017-07-03
主权利要求
(US20180000104) What I claim as new and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent is: 1.  A method of preparing Lactose-free milk comprising the steps of: providing skim;   pasteurizing the skim milk;   pre-cooling the skim milk from about 5 deg. C. to about 9 deg. C.;   pre-filtering the skim milk with a filter having pore sizes from about 30 microns to about 40 microns to remove any suspended solids to form pre-filtered, pasteurized skim milk;   cooling the pre-filtered, pasteurized skim milk to about 4 deg. C.;   separating solid and liquid phases of the pre-filtered, pasteurized skim milk with Ultra-Centrifugation to produce a solid phase comprising Casein Micelles, Fat Globules and Globular Proteins and a liquid phase comprising water, dissolved sugars, minerals and lipoprotein particles;   collecting and storing the solid phase in a stainless-steel tank;   pumping the liquid phase into a feed section of an Ultra-Filtration unit;   filtering the liquid phase by passing it through a filter secured in the Ultra-Filtration unit, wherein the filter has a plurality of pores having pore sizes ranging from about 0.5 microns to about 40 microns, and wherein a portion of Lactose and a portion of minerals present in the liquid phase are filtered out to form a filtered liquid phase;   cooling the filtered liquid phase to between about 5 deg. C. and 7 deg. C.;   bubbling CO2 into the filtered liquid phase to reduce the pH to from about 4.5 to about 5.0 to cause any Lactose present to form into Lactose crystals and to form a CO2 infused filtered liquid phase;   returning the CO2 infused filtered liquid phase to the pre-filter;   passing the CO2 infused filtered liquid phase through the pre-filter to remove any Lactose crystals present to form a lactose-free, CO2 infused filtered liquid phase; and,   recombining the solid phase with the lactose-free, CO2 infused filtered liquid phase in the stainless-steel tank to form Lactose-free skim milk. 2. The method of claim 1 further comprising the initial steps of: providing raw milk comprising skim milk and cream;   separating the skim milk and the cream by lowering the temperature of the raw milk to between about 2 deg. C. and about 7 deg. C.; and,   removing the cream. 3. The method of claim 1 further comprising the steps of: pooling the cream in a jacketed stainless-steel tank; and,   chilling the separated cream to about 7 deg. C. 4. The method of claim 1 further comprising the step storing the pasteurized skim milk at a temperature of about 4 deg. C. before the pre-cooling step. 5. The method of claim 1 further comprising agitating the pre-filtered, pasteurized skim milk while cooling it down before the Ultra-Centrifugation step. 6. The method of claim 1 further comprising the step of agitating the solid phase when collecting and storing the solid phase in a jacketed stainless-steel tank to maintain solids in suspension. 7. The method of claim 1 further comprising the step of passing the filtered liquid phase into a concentrate section of the Ultra-Filtration unit to remove and direct concentrates to a path selected from the group consisting of a downstream path for further processing, a drain path for elimination, a recycling path and combinations thereof. 8. The method of claim 1 further comprising the step of permitting the CO2 infused liquid phase to stand for approximately 6-10 hours before recycling the CO2 infused liquid phase through the pre-filter. 9. The method of claim 1 further comprising the step of spray drying the Lactose-free skim milk to product Lactose-free skim milk powder. 10. A method of preparing Phosphorus-reduced skim milk comprising the steps of: providing skim milk;   heating or cooling the skim milk to about 65 deg. F.;   bubbling CO2 gas into the skim milk until a pH of from about 4.5 to about 4.6 is reached;   coagulating a casein component in the skim milk to form coagulated skim milk;   filtering the coagulated skim milk by passing it through a filter having pores, wherein each pore has a size of about 40 microns to separate the coagulated casein as retentate and liquid serum as permeate;   retaining the coagulated casein as coagulated retentate;   adding calcium chloride to the permeate;   adjusting the pH of the permeate to from about 6.5 to about 7.0 with a base such as sodium hydroxide to form a white crystalline precipitate of calcium phosphate in the permeate;   filtering the permeate in an Ultra-Filtration unit to separate the calcium phosphate from the permeate to form a Phosphorus-reduced serum; and,   mixing the coagulated retentate with the Phosphorus-reduced serum to form Phosphorus-reduced skim milk. 11. The method of claim 10 further comprising the initial steps of: providing raw milk comprising skim milk and cream;   separating the skim milk and the cream by lowering the temperature of the raw milk to between about 2 deg. C. and about 7 deg. C.; and,   removing the cream. 12. The method of claim 10 wherein calcium chloride is added in an amount of about 3 to about 4 moles of calcium for every 2 moles of phosphorus in the skim milk. 13. The method of claim 10 further comprising the step of adding Calcium to the Phosphorus-reduced skim milk in the form of Calcium Gluconate or Calcium Citrate. 14. The method of claim 13 wherein the Calcium is added to achieve a final Calcium concentration of about 4.8 to about 5.3 grams per gallon of skim milk. 15. A method of preparing Lactose-free and Phosphorus-reduced milk comprising the steps of: providing skim milk;   pasteurizing the skim milk;   pre-cooling the skim milk to between about 5 deg. C. to about 9 deg. C.;   pre-filtering the skim milk with a filter having pore sizes from about 30 to about 40 microns to remove any suspended solids to form pre-filtered, pasteurized skim milk;   cooling the pre-filtered, pasteurized skim milk to about 4 deg. C.;   separating solid and liquid phases of the pre-filtered, pasteurized skim milk with Ultra-Centrifugation to produce a solid phase comprising Casein Micelles, Fat Globules and Globular Proteins and a liquid phase comprising water, dissolved sugars, minerals and lipoprotein particles;   collecting and storing the solid phase in a stainless-steel tank;   pumping the liquid phase into a feed section of an Ultra-Filtration unit;   filtering the liquid phase by passing it through a filter secured in the Ultra-Filtration unit, wherein the filter has a plurality of pores having pore sizes ranging from about 0.5 microns to about 40 microns, and wherein a portion of Lactose and a portion of minerals present in the liquid phase are filtered out to form a filtered liquid phase;   cooling the filtered liquid phase to between about 5 deg. C. and 7 deg. C.;   bubbling CO2 into the filtered liquid phase to reduce the pH to from about 4.5 to about 5.0 to cause any Lactose present to form into Lactose crystals and to form a CO2 infused filtered liquid phase;   returning the CO2 infused filtered liquid phase to the pre-filter;   passing the CO2 infused filtered liquid phase through the pre-filter to remove any Lactose crystals present to form a lactose-free, CO2 infused filtered liquid phase;   recombining the solid phase with the lactose-free, CO2 infused filtered liquid phase in the stainless-steel tank to form Lactose-free skim milk;   heating or cooling the Lactose-free skim milk to about 65 deg. F.;   bubbling CO2 gas into the Lactose-free skim milk until a pH of from about 4.5 to about 4.6 is reached;   coagulating a casein component in the Lactose-free skim milk to form coagulated skim milk;   filtering the coagulated skim milk by passing it through a filter having pores, wherein each pore has a size of about 40 microns to separate the coagulated casein as retentate and liquid serum as permeate;   adding calcium chloride to the permeate;   adjusting the pH of the permeate to from about 6.5 to about 7.0 with a base such as sodium hydroxide to form a white crystalline precipitate of calcium phosphate in the permeate;   filtering the permeate in an Ultra-Filtration unit to separate the calcium phosphate from the permeate to form a Phosphorus-reduced serum; and,   mixing the casein retentate with the Phosphorus-reduced serum to form Lactose-free, Phosphorus-reduced skim milk. 16. The method of claim 15 comprising the initial steps of: providing raw milk comprising skim milk and cream;   separating the skim milk and the cream by lowering the temperature of the raw milk to between about 2 deg. C. and about 7 deg. C.; and,   removing the cream. 17. The method of claim 16 further comprising the steps of: pooling the cream in a jacketed stainless-steel tank; and,   chilling the separated cream to about 7 deg. C. 18. The method of claim 15 further comprising the step storing the pasteurized skim milk at a temperature of about 4 deg. C. before the pre-cooling step. 19. The method of claim 15 further comprising agitating the pre-filtered, pasteurized skim milk while cooling it down before the Ultra-Centrifugation step. 20. The method of claim 15 further comprising the step of agitating the solid phase when collecting and storing the solid phase in a jacketed stainless-steel tank to maintain solids in suspension. 21. The method of claim 15 further comprising the step of passing the filtered liquid phase into a concentrate section of the Ultra-Filtration unit to remove and direct concentrates to a path selected from the group consisting of a downstream path for further processing, a drain path for elimination, a recycling path and combinations thereof. 22. The method of claim 15 further comprising the step of permitting the CO2 infused liquid phase to stand for approximately 6-10 hours before recycling the CO2 infused liquid phase through the pre-filter. 23. The method of claim 15 further comprising the step of spray drying the Lactose-free, Phosphorus-reduced skim milk to product Lactose-free, Phosphorus-reduced skim milk powder. 24. The method of claim 15 wherein calcium chloride is added in an amount of about 3 to about 4 moles of calcium for every 2 moles of phosphorus in the skim milk. 25. The method of claim 15 further comprising the step of adding Calcium to the Phosphorus-reduced skim milk in the form of Calcium Gluconate or Calcium Citrate. 26. The method of claim 25 wherein the Calcium is added to achieve a final Calcium concentration of about 4.8 to about 5.3 grams per gallon of skim milk.
法律状态
(US20180000104) LEGAL DETAILS FOR US2018000104  Actual or expected expiration date=2037-07-03    Legal state=ALIVE    Status=PENDING     Event publication date=2017-07-03  Event code=US/APP  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Application details  Application country=US US15641104  Application date=2017-07-03  Standardized application number=2017US-15641104     Event publication date=2018-01-04  Event code=US/A1  Event type=Examination events  Application published  Publication country=US  Publication number=US2018000104  Publication stage Code=A1  Publication date=2018-01-04  Standardized publication number=US20180000104
专利类型码
A1
国别省市代码
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