Drift reduction compositions for agricultural use 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

公开号/公开日
US2015045224 A1 2015-02-12 [US20150045224]US9854795 B2 2018-01-02 [US9854795] / 2015-02-122018-01-02
申请号/申请日
2014US-14462093 / 2014-08-18
发明人
PARRISH SCOTT;
申请人
AGQUAM;
主分类号
IPC分类号
A01N-025/02A01N-025/30C05G-003/02C05G-003/06
摘要
(US9854795) The present disclosure relates generally to the field of agricultural chemicals and, more particularly, to compositions which can be added to agricultural chemicals for the purpose of improving efficacy and reducing drift of sprayed chemicals away from target areas.  Further disclosed are processes for preparing combination water conditioning adjuvant and drift reduction compositions as well as methods of drift reduction utilizing such compositions.
机翻摘要
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地址
代理人
代理机构
;
优先权号
2011US-61500228 2011-06-23 2012US-13531333 2012-06-22 2014US-14462093 2014-08-18
主权利要求
(US9854795) What is claimed is: 1.  A composition for agricultural use, comprising: a water conditioning adjuvant comprising an amine surfactant and a concentrated mineral acid selected from the group consisting of sulfuric acid, perchloric acid, hydroiodic acid, hydrobromic acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, and mixtures thereof; diethylene glycol; and   a drift reduction agent selected from the group consisting of at least one phospholipid, vegetable colloids, non-derivatized guar gum, non-cationic derivatized guar gum, cationic guar gum, polyethylene oxides, poly (vinyl pyrrolidones), polyacrylamides, a non-ionic emulsifier, a cationic emulsifier which is not an amine surfactant, an anionic emulsifier, and mixtures thereof. 2. The composition of claim 1, wherein said drift reduction agent is at least one phospholipid. 3. The composition of claim 2, wherein said at least one phospholipid is selected from the group consisting of lecithin, phosphatidic acid, phosphotidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol phosphate, phosphatidylinositol biphosphate, phosphatidylinositol triphosphate, and mixtures thereof. 4. The composition of claim 3, wherein said at least one phospholipid is lecithin. 5. The composition of claim 1, wherein said concentrated mineral acid is sulfuric acid. 6. The composition of claim 5, wherein said concentrated sulfuric acid is selected from the group consisting of 93% to 98% concentrated sulfuric acid. 7. The composition of claim 5, wherein said amine surfactant is selected from the group consisting of octyl amine, lauryl amine, stearyl amine, oleyl amine, tallow amine, cetylamine, N-tetradecyl amine, cocoamine, hydrogenated tallow amine, di(hydrogenated) tallow amine, dicocoalkyl amine, N-tridecyltridecanamine, N-methylstearylamine, distearyl amine, ether amine, dialkyl (C8-C20) amine, and mixtures thereof. 8. The composition of claim 7, wherein said amine surfactant is tallow amine. 9. The composition of claim 8, wherein the concentration of tallow amine is equal to or greater than the concentration of sulfuric acid in the composition. 10. The composition of claim 9, wherein said composition further comprises an oil selected from the group consisting of free fatty acid, mineral oil, vegetable oil, methylated seed oil, ethylated seed oil, butylated seed oil, and mixtures thereof. 11. The composition of claim 9, wherein said composition further comprises an oil selected from soybean oil, sunflower oil, cotton seed oil, crop oil concentrate, methylated soybean oil, and mixtures thereof. 12. The composition of claim 10, wherein said oil is methylated seed oil. 13. The composition of claim 1, wherein said composition further comprises a non-ionic surfactant selected from the group consisting of an alkyl polyoxyethylene ether, polyoxypropylene glycol, an alkyl phenol ethoxylate, an alcohol ethoxylate, a sugar ether, a sucrose ester, a sorbitan ester ethoxylate, a crop oil concentrate, morpholine amide, a block copolymer, and mixtures thereof. 14. The composition of claim 1, wherein said composition does not contain and is not contacted with ammonium sulfate (AMS). 15. The composition of claim 14, wherein said composition comprises an emulsifier. 16. The composition of claim 15, wherein said composition comprises an additive selected from a buffering agent, a defoaming agent, a wetting agent, a sticking agent, a tank cleaner, and mixtures thereof. 17. The composition of claim 15, wherein the water content of the composition is below 5% (v/v), before dilution of the composition in carrier water. 18. The composition of claim 17, wherein the water content of the composition is below 1% (v/v), before dilution of the composition in carrier water. 19. The composition of claim 1, wherein said composition comprises 1-25% by weight or volume concentrated mineral acid, 10-50% by weight or volume amine surfactant, 10-60% by weight or volume phospholipid, 10-50% by weight or volume oil and 5-50% by weight or volume diethylene glycol. 20. The composition of claim 19, wherein said composition comprises 1-25% by weight or volume concentrated sulfuric acid, 10-50% by weight or volume tallow amine, 10-60% by weight or volume lecithin, 10-50% by weight or volume methylated seed oil and 5-50% by weight or volume diethylene glycol. 21. A process of preparing a composition for agricultural use comprising: a) adding a concentrated mineral acid selected from the group consisting of sulfuric acid, perchloric acid, hydroiodic acid, hydrobromic acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, and mixtures thereof to an amine surfactant to obtain a water conditioning adjuvant; and   b) adding the water conditioning adjuvant to diethylene glycol and a drift reduction agent selected from the group consisting of at least one phospholipid, vegetable colloids, non-derivatized guar gum, non-cationic derivatized guar gum, cationic guar gum, polyethylene oxides, poly (vinyl pyrrolidones), polyacrylamides, a non-ionic emulsifier, a cationic emulsifier which is not an amine surfactant, an anionic emulsifier, and mixtures thereof. 22. The process of claim 21, wherein said drift reduction agent is at least one phospholipid. 23. The process of claim 22, wherein said at least one phospholipid is selected from the group consisting of lecithin, phosphatidic acid, phosphotidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol phosphate, phosphatidylinositol biphosphate, and phosphatidylinositol triphosphate, and mixtures thereof. 24. The process of claim 23, wherein said at least one phospholipid is lecithin. 25. The process of claim 21, wherein said concentrated mineral acid is sulfuric acid. 26. The process of claim 25, wherein said concentrated sulfuric acid is selected from the group consisting of 93% to 98% concentrated sulfuric acid. 27. The process of claim 25, wherein said amine surfactant is selected from the group consisting of octyl amine, lauryl amine, stearyl amine, oleyl amine, tallow amine, cetylamine, N-tetradecyl amine, cocoamine, hydrogenated tallow amine, di(hydrogenated) tallow amine, dicocoalkyl amine, N-tridecyltridecanamine, N-methylstearylamine, distearyl amine, ether amine, dialkyl (C8-C20) amine, and mixtures thereof. 28. The process of claim 27, wherein said amine surfactant is tallow amine. 29. The process of claim 28, wherein the concentration of tallow amine is equal to or greater than the concentration of sulfuric acid in the composition. 30. The process of claim 29, wherein the process further comprises adding an oil selected from the group consisting of free fatty acid, mineral oil, vegetable oil, methylated seed oil, ethylated seed oil, butylated seed oil, and mixtures thereof. 31. The process of claim 29, wherein the process further comprises adding an oil selected from soybean oil, sunflower oil, cotton seed oil, crop oil concentrate, methylated soybean oil, and mixtures thereof. 32. The process of claim 30, wherein said oil is methylated seed oil. 33. The process of claim 21, wherein said process further comprises adding a non-ionic surfactant selected from the group consisting of an alkyl polyoxyethylene ether, polyoxypropylene glycol, an alkyl phenol ethoxylate, an alcohol ethoxylate, a sugar ether, a sucrose ester, a sorbitan ester ethoxylate, a crop oil concentrate, morpholine amide, a block copolymer, and mixtures thereof. 34. The process of claim 21, wherein said composition does not contain and is not contacted with ammonium sulfate (AMS). 35. The process of claim 34, wherein said process further comprises adding an emulsifier. 36. The process of claim 35, wherein said process further comprises adding an additive selected from a buffering agent, a defoaming agent, a wetting agent, a sticking agent, a tank cleaner, and mixtures thereof. 37. The process of claim 35, wherein the water content of the composition is maintained below 5% (v/v), before dilution of the composition in carrier water. 38. The process of claim 37, wherein the water content of the composition is maintained below 1% (v/v), before dilution of the composition in carrier water. 39. A composition prepared by a process comprising: a) adding a concentrated mineral acid selected from the group consisting of sulfuric acid, perchloric acid, hydroiodic acid, hydrobromic acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, and mixtures thereof to an amine surfactant to obtain a water conditioning adjuvant; and   b) adding the water conditioning adjuvant to diethylene glycol and a drift reduction agent selected from the group consisting of at least one phospholipid, vegetable colloids, non-derivatized guar gum, non-cationic derivatized guar gum, cationic guar gum, polyethylene oxides, poly (vinyl pyrrolidones), polyacrylamides, a non-ionic emulsifier, a cationic emulsifier which is not an amine surfactant, an anionic emulsifier, and mixtures thereof. 40. The composition of claim 39, wherein said drift reduction agent is at least one phospholipid. 41. The composition of claim 40, wherein said at least one phospholipid is selected from the group consisting of lecithin, phosphatidic acid, phosphotidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol phosphate, phosphatidylinositol biphosphate, and phosphatidylinositol triphosphate, and mixtures thereof. 42. The composition of claim 41, wherein said at least one phospholipid is lecithin. 43. The composition of claim 39, wherein said concentrated mineral acid is sulfuric acid. 44. The composition of claim 43, wherein said concentrated sulfuric acid is selected from the group consisting of 93% to 98% concentrated sulfuric acid. 45. The composition of claim 43, wherein said amine surfactant is selected from the group consisting of octyl amine, lauryl amine, stearyl amine, oleyl amine, tallow amine, cetylamine, N-tetradecyl amine, cocoamine, hydrogenated tallow amine, di(hydrogenated) tallow amine, dicocoalkyl amine, N-tridecyltridecanamine, N-methylstearylamine, distearyl amine, ether amine, dialkyl (C8-C20) amine, and mixtures thereof. 46. The composition of claim 45, wherein said amine surfactant is tallow amine. 47. The composition of claim 46, wherein the concentration of tallow amine is equal to or greater than the concentration of sulfuric acid in the composition. 48. The composition of claim 47, wherein the process further comprises adding an oil selected from the group consisting of free fatty acid, mineral oil, vegetable oil, methylated seed oil, ethylated seed oil, butylated seed oil, and mixtures thereof. 49. The composition of claim 47, wherein the process further comprises adding an oil selected from soybean oil, sunflower oil, cotton seed oil, crop oil concentrate, methylated soybean oil, and mixtures thereof. 50. The composition of claim 48, wherein said oil is methylated seed oil. 51. The composition of claim 39, wherein said process further comprises adding a non-ionic surfactant selected from the group consisting of an alkyl polyoxyethylene ether, polyoxypropylene glycol, an alkyl phenol ethoxylate, an alcohol ethoxylate, a sugar ether, a sucrose ester, a sorbitan ester ethoxylate, a crop oil concentrate, morpholine amide, a block copolymer, and mixtures thereof. 52. The composition of claim 39, wherein said process does not add to the composition and does not contact the composition with ammonium sulfate (AMS). 53. The composition of claim 52, wherein said process further comprises adding an emulsifier. 54. The composition of claim 53, wherein said process further comprises adding an additive selected from a buffering agent, a defoaming agent, a wetting agent, a sticking agent, a tank cleaner, and mixtures thereof. 55. The composition of claim 53, wherein said process further comprises maintaining the water content of the composition below 5% (v/v), before dilution of the composition in carrier water. 56. The composition of claim 55, wherein said process further comprises maintaining the water content of the composition below 1% (v/v), before dilution of the composition in carrier water. 57. A method for reducing drift during release of an aqueous composition suitable for treating agricultural acreage comprising the steps of: a) forming the aqueous composition suitable for treating agricultural acreage by mixing the composition for agricultural use of claim 1, carrier water and a bioactive material; and   b) spraying the aqueous composition on agricultural acreage;    wherein the composition is about 0.25% (v/v) to about 5% (v/v) of the aqueous composition. 58. The method of claim 57, wherein the bioactive material is selected from the group consisting of pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, acaricides, nematocides, foliar nutrients, defoliants, plant growth regulators, molluscicides, and mixtures thereof. 59. The method of claim 58, wherein the bioactive material is selected from the group consisting of glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine), dicamba, and mixtures thereof. 60. The composition of claim 1, wherein the non-ionic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of alcohols, alcohol ethoxylates, polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene-alkyl ethers, amine alkoxylates, fatty alcohol polyglycol ethers, fatty amine polyglycol ethers, fatty acid ethoxylates, fatty acid polyglycol esters, glyceride monoalkoxylates, alkanolamides, fatty acid alkanolamides, ethoxylated alkanolamides, ethoxylated esters, fatty acid alkylolamido ethoxylates, ethylene oxide-propylene oxide block copolymers, alkylphenol ethoxylates, alkyl glucosides, partial esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids with polyfunctional alcohols, polyethoxylated polystyrene phenyl ethers, amides of aliphatic carboxylic acids with alkanolamines, ethoxylated amides of aliphatic carboxylic acids with alkanolamines, morpholine amide, polyalkoxylated organopoly-siloxanes, and mixtures thereof. 61. The composition of claim 1, wherein the cationic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and salts thereof, alkyltrimethylammonium salts, dialkyldimethylammonium salts, trialkylmethylammonium salts, tetraalkylammonium salts, alkoxylated alkylammonium salts, ester quats, diamidoamine quats, alkyloxyalkyl quats, quaternary alkylphosphonium salts, tertiary alkylsulfonium salts, alkylimidazolium salts, alkyloxazolinium salts, alkylpyridium salts and N,N-dialkylmorpholinium salts; the cationic emulsifier may comprise chloride, bromide, methyl sulfate, sulfate or the like as counterion, and mixtures thereof. 62. The composition of claim 1, wherein the anionic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfates, arylsulfonates, fatty alcohol sulfates, alkylsulfonates, paraffinsulfonates, alkyl ether sulfates, alkyl polyglycol ether sulfates, fatty alcohol ether sulfates, alkylbenzenesulfonates, alkylnaphthylsulfonates, alkylphenyl ether sulfates, alkyl phosphates, phosphoric acid mono-, di-, and tri-esters, alkyl ether phosphates, ethoxylated fatty alcohol phosphoric esters, alkylphenyl ether phosphates, phosphonic esters, sulfosuccinic diesters, sulfosuccinic monoesters, ethoxylated sulfosuccinic monoesters, ulfosuccinamides, a olefinsulfonates, alkyl carboxylates, alkyl ether carboxylates, alkyl polyglycol carboxylates, fatty acid isethionate, fatty acid methyltauride, fatty acid sarcoside, arylsulfonates, naphthalenesulfonates, alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonates, sulfated oils, polyacrylates, a-sulfa fatty acid esters, and mixtures thereof. 63. The composition of claim 10, wherein the free fatty acid is selected from the group consisting of free C12-C18 saturated, unsaturated fatty acid, and mixtures thereof. 64. The composition of claim 13, wherein the sugar ether is selected from the group consisting of glucoside alkyl ether, xylose alkyl ether, arabinose alkyl ether, mannose alkyl ether, ribose alkyl ether, rhamnose alkyl ether, galactose alkyl ether, sucrose alkyl ether, maltose alkyl ether, lactose alkyl ether, fructose alkyl ether, raffinose alkyl ether, and mixtures thereof. 65. The process of claim 21, wherein the non-ionic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of alcohols, alcohol ethoxylates, polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene-alkyl ethers, amine alkoxylates, fatty alcohol polyglycol ethers, fatty amine polyglycol ethers, fatty acid ethoxylates, fatty acid polyglycol esters, glyceride monoalkoxylates, alkanolamides, fatty acid alkanolamides, ethoxylated alkanolamides, ethoxylated esters, fatty acid alkylolamido ethoxylates, ethylene oxide-propylene oxide block copolymers, alkylphenol ethoxylates, alkyl glucosides, partial esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids with polyfunctional alcohols, polyethoxylated polystyrene phenyl ethers, amides of aliphatic carboxylic acids with alkanolamines, ethoxylated amides of aliphatic carboxylic acids with alkanolamines, morpholine amide, polyalkoxylated organopoly-siloxanes, and mixtures thereof. 66. The process of claim 21, wherein the cationic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and salts thereof, alkyltrimethylammonium salts, dialkyldimethylammonium salts, trialkylmethylammonium salts, tetraalkylammonium salts, alkoxylated alkylammonium salts, ester quats, diamidoamine quats, alkyloxyalkyl quats, quaternary alkylphosphonium salts, tertiary alkylsulfonium salts, alkylimidazolium salts, alkyloxazolinium salts, alkylpyridium salts and N,N-dialkylmorpholinium salts; the cationic emulsifier may comprise chloride, bromide, methyl sulfate, sulfate or the like as counterion, and mixtures thereof. 67. The process of claim 21, wherein the anionic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfates, arylsulfonates, fatty alcohol sulfates, alkylsulfonates, paraffinsulfonates, alkyl ether sulfates, alkyl polyglycol ether sulfates, fatty alcohol ether sulfates, alkylbenzenesulfonates, alkylnaphthylsulfonates, alkylphenyl ether sulfates, alkyl phosphates, phosphoric acid mono-, di-, and tri-esters, alkyl ether phosphates, ethoxylated fatty alcohol phosphoric esters, alkylphenyl ether phosphates, phosphonic esters, sulfosuccinic diesters, sulfosuccinic monoesters, ethoxylated sulfosuccinic monoesters, ulfosuccinamides, a olefinsulfonates, alkyl carboxylates, alkyl ether carboxylates, alkyl polyglycol carboxylates, fatty acid isethionate, fatty acid methyltauride, fatty acid sarcoside, arylsulfonates, naphthalenesulfonates, alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonates, sulfated oils, polyacrylates and/or a-sulfa fatty acid esters, and mixtures thereof. 68. The process of claim 30, wherein the free fatty acid is selected from the group consisting of free C12-C18 saturated and unsaturated fatty acid. 69. The process of claim 33, wherein the sugar ether is selected from the group consisting of glucoside alkyl ether, xylose alkyl ether, arabinose alkyl ether, mannose alkyl ether, ribose alkyl ether, rhamnose alkyl ether, galactose alkyl ether, sucrose alkyl ether, maltose alkyl ether, lactose alkyl ether, fructose alkyl ether, raffinose alkyl ether, and mixtures thereof. 70. The composition of claim 39, wherein the non-ionic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of alcohols, alcohol ethoxylates, polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene-alkyl ethers, amine alkoxylates, fatty alcohol polyglycol ethers, fatty amine polyglycol ethers, fatty acid ethoxylates, fatty acid polyglycol esters, glyceride monoalkoxylates, alkanolamides, fatty acid alkanolamides, ethoxylated alkanolamides, ethoxylated esters, fatty acid alkylolamido ethoxylates, ethylene oxide-propylene oxide block copolymers, alkylphenol ethoxylates, alkyl glucosides, partial esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids with polyfunctional alcohols, polyethoxylated polystyrene phenyl ethers, amides of aliphatic carboxylic acids with alkanolamines, ethoxylated amides of aliphatic carboxylic acids with alkanolamines, morpholine amide, polyalkoxylated organopoly-siloxanes, and mixtures thereof. 71. The composition of claim 39, wherein the cationic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and salts thereof, alkyltrimethylammonium salts, dialkyldimethylammonium salts, trialkylmethylammonium salts, tetraalkylammonium salts, alkoxylated alkylammonium salts, ester quats, diamidoamine quats, alkyloxyalkyl quats, quaternary alkylphosphonium salts, tertiary alkylsulfonium salts, alkylimidazolium salts, alkyloxazolinium salts, alkylpyridium salts and N,N-dialkylmorpholinium salts; the cationic emulsifier may comprise chloride, bromide, methyl sulfate, sulfate or the like as counterion, and mixtures thereof. 72. The composition of claim 39, wherein the anionic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfates, arylsulfonates, fatty alcohol sulfates, alkylsulfonates, paraffinsulfonates, alkyl ether sulfates, alkyl polyglycol ether sulfates, fatty alcohol ether sulfates, alkylbenzenesulfonates, alkylnaphthylsulfonates, alkylphenyl ether sulfates, alkyl phosphates, phosphoric acid mono-, di-, and tri-esters, alkyl ether phosphates, ethoxylated fatty alcohol phosphoric esters, alkylphenyl ether phosphates, phosphonic esters, sulfosuccinic diesters, sulfosuccinic monoesters, ethoxylated sulfosuccinic monoesters, ulfosuccinamides, a olefinsulfonates, alkyl carboxylates, alkyl ether carboxylates, alkyl polyglycol carboxylates, fatty acid isethionate, fatty acid methyltauride, fatty acid sarcoside, arylsulfonates, naphthalenesulfonates, alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonates, sulfated oils, polyacrylates, a-sulfa fatty acid esters, and mixtures thereof. 73. The composition of claim 48, wherein the free fatty acid is selected from the group consisting of free C12-C18 saturated, unsaturated fatty acid, and mixtures thereof. 74. The composition of claim 51, wherein the sugar ether is selected from the group consisting of glucoside alkyl ether, xylose alkyl ether, arabinose alkyl ether, mannose alkyl ether, ribose alkyl ether, rhamnose alkyl ether, galactose alkyl ether, sucrose alkyl ether, maltose alkyl ether, lactose alkyl ether, fructose alkyl ether, raffinose alkyl ether, and mixtures thereof.
法律状态
(US9854795) LEGAL DETAILS FOR US2015045224  Actual or expected expiration date=2035-07-19    Legal state=ALIVE    Status=GRANTED     Event publication date=2014-08-18  Event code=US/APP  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Application details  Application country=US US14462093  Application date=2014-08-18  Standardized application number=2014US-14462093     Event publication date=2014-08-18  Event code=US/EXMR  Event type=Administrative notifications  USPTO Examiner Name Primary Examiner: SOROUSH, ALI    Event publication date=2014-08-18  Event code=US/ART  Event type=Administrative notifications  USPTO Art Group  ART=1617     Event publication date=2014-08-18  Event code=US/SMALL  Event type=Administrative notifications  Appl Has Filed a Verified Statement of Micro to Small Entity Status Business Entity Status: SMALL    Event publication date=2014-08-18  Event code=US/AIA  Event type=Administrative notifications  First Inventor File Indicated:  AIA=No     Event publication date=2014-08-18  Event code=US/DK  Event type=Examination events  Attorney Docket Number Docket Nbr: 0261.04CIP    Event publication date=2014-08-18  Event code=US/CUST  Event type=Examination events  Attorney/Agent Customer Number Customer Nbr: 25871    Event publication date=2014-08-18  Event code=US/ENT  Event type=Administrative notifications  Entity Status Set to Undiscounted    Event publication date=2014-08-25  Event code=US/SMALL  Event type=Administrative notifications  Appl Has Filed a Verified Statement of Micro to Small Entity Status    Event publication date=2014-08-27  Event code=US/APPFILEREC  Event type=Administrative notifications  Event type=OAO  Filing Receipt    Event publication date=2014-08-27  Event code=US/INCD  Event type=Examination events  Event type=OAO  Notice Mailed--Application Incomplete--Filing Date Assigned    Event publication date=2014-10-24  Event code=US/PTARDY  Event indicator=Pos  Event type=Examination events  Patent Term Adjustment - 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