Non-Methane Hydrocarbons (NMHCs) Measurements in Kuwait 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

会议集名/来源
111th Air and Waste Management Association annual conference and exhibition: charting the future: environment, energy & health, vol. 3: 111th Air and Waste Management Association annual conference and exhibition (ACE 2018), 25-28 June 2018, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
出版年
2018
页码
1732-1743
会议地点
Hartford
作者单位
Future Studies and Risks Management Council, National Academy of Science, EgyptDivision of Atmospheric Sciences, Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Parkway, Reno, NV 89512, USA
作者
Mounir W. Labib;Alan W. Gertler
摘要
Kuwait is one of the major oil producing countries in the world. This industry emits significant amounts of NMHCs, which negatively impact air quality. In addition, motor vehicle emissions are another major source of NMHCs. The high ambient levels of these species can negatively impact human health and the environment. Exposures to air toxics as NMHC can also cause noncancerous health effects, such as neurological, cardiovascular, respiratory, reproductive and/or immune system damage.NMHCs are measured in Kuwait at 5 out of 15 monitoring sites. They are also monitored by a number of major companies operating in Kuwait. Major species of NMHCs includes propane, benzene, isobutene, n-butane, 1 &2-butyne, isopentane, n-pentane, 2,2-dimethylbutane, cyclopentane, 2,3-dimethylbutane, MTBE, 2-methylpentane, 2,2-dimethylpentane, 3-methylpentane, n-hexane, methylcyclopentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,2,3-trimethylbutane, 3,3-dimethylpentane, cyclohexane, 2-methylhexane, 2,3-dimethylpentane, 1,3-dimethylcyclopentane, 3-ethylpentane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, n-heptane, toluene, n-octane, ethylbenzene, m,p-xylene, o-xylene, n-nonane, n-propylbenzene, m-ethyltoluene, p-ethyltoluene, o-ethyltoluene, n-decane, n-undecane, n-dodecane. The observed concentrations of these species in Kuwait are always higher than standard regulations due to the emissions from local petroleum refineries, industries, and mobile sources.This paper presents the results of air monitoring in Kuwait and the concentrations of NMHCs in different locations in the country. Recommendations for taking action to improve air quality are also presented.
机翻摘要
暂无翻译结果,您可以尝试点击头部的翻译按钮。
关键词
KUWAIT;NMHC;MONITORING SITES
若您需要申请原文,请登录。

最新评论

暂无评论。

登录后可以发表评论

意见反馈
返回顶部