(US10179882) System and method for injecting liquid odorant into a natural gas pipeline 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

源语言标题
(US10179882) System and method for injecting liquid odorant into a natural gas pipeline
公开号/公开日
US10179882 US20160115407 / 2019-01-15 2016-04-28
申请号/申请日
US14/897,284 / 2014-06-10
发明人
CAGNON FRANCOIS KAMECHE MOHAMED
申请人
ENGIE
主分类号
IPC分类号
B01F-003/04 B01F-005/04 B01F-015/00 B05B-001/30 B05B-007/00 B05B-012/04 B05B-012/12 C10L-003/00
摘要
(US10179882)
The invention relates to a system and a method for injecting liquid odorant into a natural gas pipe, the system comprising: a tank containing the odorant in liquid form; a high-pressure pump connected to the tank; a common injection manifold fed with liquid odorant by the high-pressure pump; a plurality of odorant injectors fed with liquid odorant under pressure by the common injection manifold for the purpose of injecting the odorant into the gas pipe so as to cause it to be atomized in the gas pipe; and an electronic injection computer for controlling the injectors and the high-pressure pump.
机翻摘要
暂无翻译结果,您可以尝试点击头部的翻译按钮。
地址
代理人
(US10179882) Workman Nydegger
代理机构
优先权号
2013FR-0055338 2014WO-FR51398
主权利要求
(US10179882)
The invention claimed is:
1. A system for injecting liquid odorant into a natural gas pipe, the system comprising: 
 a tank containing the odorant in liquid form; 
 a high-pressure pump connected to the tank; 
 a common injection manifold fed with liquid odorant by the high-pressure pump; 
 a plurality of odorant injectors coupled directly to the gas pipe, wherein each of the odorant injectors is fed by the liquid odorant with a respective feed circuit under pressure by the common injection manifold, each of the feed circuits being connected to the common injection manifold such that each of the plurality of odorant injectors injects the odorant directly into the gas pipe and each of the plurality of odorant injectors causes the odorant to be atomized in the gas pipe; and 
 an electronic injection computer that controls the injectors and the high-pressure pump and maintains a pressure difference between the odorant to be injected and the gas in the gas pipe such that an instantaneous atomization of the odorant is caused upon directly injecting the odorant into the gas pipe.
2. A system according to claim 1, further comprising a sensor for measuring the gas flow rate, connected to the electronic injection computer, and serving to measure the flow rate of gas flowing in the natural gas pipe upstream from the injectors.
3. A system according to claim 1, wherein the injectors are electrohydraulic injectors that are each controlled by a respective solenoid valve or are each controlled by a respective piezoelectric actuator.
4. A system according to claim 1, wherein the common injection manifold includes a pressure limiter device.
5. A system according to claim 1, further including a filter interposed between the tank and the high-pressure pump.
6. A system according to claim 1, wherein the injectors are fastened to a common sleeve for mounting in the gas pipe.
7. The system according to claim 1, wherein each of the odorant injectors extends within an internal diameter of the gas pipe.
8. The system according to claim 1, wherein the electronic injection computer controls the injectors and the high-pressure pump and maintains a speed difference between a flow of the gas in the gas pipe and an injection speed of the odorant to sustain the instantaneous atomization of the odorant upon being directly injected into the gas pipe.
9. The system according to claim 1, wherein each of the plurality of odorant injectors is configured to atomize the liquid odorant into the gas pipe by the odorant vaporizing on coming into contact with the natural gas flowing in the gas pipe.
10. The system according to claim 1, wherein each of the plurality of odorant injectors is configured to cause a continuous jet of liquid odorant to transform into a mist of odorant droplets having a diameter between 1 and 10 micrometers.
11. The system according to claim 1, wherein at least two or more of the plurality of odorant injectors are regularly spaced apart angularly from one another over a circumference of the gas pipe such that the odorant is injected uniformly into the gas pipe.
12. The system according to claim 1, wherein the liquid odorant is provided in liquid form at a pressure in the range 200 bars to 2000 bars, and the natural gas flows in the gas pipe at a pressure in the range of one bar to 100 bars.
13. The system according to claim 12, each of the odorant injectors includes an injection hole through which the liquid odorant is injected into the gas pipe, and a diameter of each of the injection holes is within a range of 0.1 mm to 0.2 mm.
14. The system according to claim 1, wherein each of the odorant injectors includes an injection hole through which the liquid odorant is injected into the gas pipe, and a diameter of each of the injection holes is within a range of 0.1 mm to 0.2 mm.
15. A method of injecting liquid odorant into a natural gas pipe, the method comprising: 
 using a high-pressure pump to feed a common injection manifold with liquid odorant coming from a tank, said common injection manifold being connected to a plurality of odorant injectors coupled directly to a gas pipe; 
 feeding each of the odorant injectors with the liquid odorant with a respective feed circuit under pressure by the common injection manifold, each of the feed circuits being connected to the common injection manifold; 
 injecting the odorant, by each of the plurality of odorant injectors, directly into the gas pipe, wherein each of the plurality of odorant injectors causes the odorant to be atomized in the gas pipe; and 
 controlling the injectors and the high-pressure pump using an electronic injection computer and maintaining a pressure difference between the odorant to be injected and the gas in the gas pipe such that an instantaneous atomization of the odorant is caused upon directly injecting the odorant into the gas pipe.
16. A method according to claim 15, wherein the common injection manifold is fed with liquid odorant at a pressure lying in the range 200 bars to 2000 bars, and the gas pipe is fed with natural gas at a pressure lying in the range of one bar to 100 bars.
17. A method according to claim 15, wherein the odorant is tetrahydrothiophene.
18. The method according to claim 15, wherein each of the odorant injectors extends within an internal diameter of the gas pipe.
19. The method according to claim 15, further comprising controlling the injectors and the high-pressure pump with the electronic injection computer and maintaining a speed difference between a flow of the gas in the gas pipe and an injection speed of the odorant such that the instantaneous atomization of the odorant is sustained upon directly injecting the odorant into the gas pipe.
20. The method according to claim 15, wherein each of the plurality of odorant injectors is configured to atomize the liquid odorant into the gas pipe by the odorant vaporizing on coming into contact with the natural gas flowing in the gas pipe.
法律状态
GRANTED
专利类型码
B2 A1
国别省市代码
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