Critical flux-based membrane fouling control of forward osmosis: Behavior, sustainability, and reversibility 机翻标题: 暂无翻译,请尝试点击翻译按钮。

来源
Journal of Membrane Science
年/卷/期
2019 / 570/571 /
页码
380-393
ISSN号
0376-7388
作者单位
Global Desalination Research Center (GDRC), School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology;Global Desalination Research Center (GDRC), School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology;Global Desalination Research Center (GDRC), School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology;Global Desalination Research Center (GDRC), School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology;Global Desalination Research Center (GDRC), School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology;
作者
Thanh-Tin Nguyen;Seungho Kook;Chulmin Lee;Robert W. Field;In S. Kim;
摘要
Membrane fouling is closely related to the concept of critical flux. Therefore, a fouling control strategy for forward osmosis (FO) membranes that is based on the critical flux is necessary. This study systematically investigated the critical flux behavior of FO membranes (CTA and PA-TFC) in the short-term using a stepping method (draw solution (DS) concentration stepping). In addition, to test the reliability of this method, long-term experiments were conducted to evaluate the influences of operational critical flux on the fouling behavior (sustainable operation and fouling reversibility/irreversibility), thereby determining the critical flux for reversibility. Our results showed that the DS concentration stepping could be applied for critical flux determination in FO. Both membranes exhibited higher critical flux values for alginate fouling compared to other single foulants such as colloidal silica or gypsum. The values were 15.9 LMH for a cellulose triacetate membrane (CTA) and 20.5 LMH for the polyamide thin-film composite (PA-TFC). Whilst these values should be adequate in FO applications they were determined for single foulants. The presence of multispecies of foulants caused a significant decline in the critical flux values. This study found 5.4 LMH for the CTA membrane and 8.3 LMH for the PA-TFC membrane for the combined foulants of alginate + gypsum. This indicates that the critical flux behavior in FO was dependent on the foulant type and membrane type. Importantly, the high restoration of water flux was achieved with the PA-TFC membrane at an operation either close to critical flux (92–98%) or below critical flux (98–100%) (i.e., with negligible irreversible fouling). The critical fluxes for reversibility obtained in this study will aid the efficient operation of practical FO processes.
机翻摘要
暂无翻译结果,您可以尝试点击头部的翻译按钮。
关键词/主题词
Critical flux;Single foulant;Combined foulant;Forward osmosis membrane;Critical flux for reversibility;
若您需要申请原文,请登录。

最新评论

暂无评论。

登录后可以发表评论

意见反馈
返回顶部