(RU2596377) FIELD: food industry.SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry, kvass production technology. Method comprises preparation of recipe components, crushing fermented rye malt, unfermented rye malt and barley malt, cutting scorzonera. Further, scorzonera is dried in microwave field to residual moisture content of about 20 % at microwave field power providing heating inside scorzonera pieces to temperature 80-90 °C for at least 1 hour and crushed. Method includes mixing listed components with boiling water, steeping for 2-3 hours, separation of phases, adding to liquid phase sugar, combined starter of kvass yeast strain M and S-2 and lactic acid bacteria strain 11 and 13 and fermentation.EFFECT: method enables to reduce duration of technological process, stabilise colour and increase stability of foam in finished product.1 cl
Battles, Andrew C.;Moniz, Malcom;Kolbe, Jason J.
年/卷/期：2018 / 21 / 6
Persistence of animals in urban habitats, a stark environmental contrast to natural habitats, can be explained through evaluating the mechanisms behind organism-habitat interactions. One of the most notable effects of urbanization is the change in structural habitat; vegetation is removed and modified, favoring large trees and adding artificial structures in cities, which may alter how organismal preferences for aspects of the habitat are realized. We evaluated the mechanisms by which structural habitat changes associated with urbanization alter the available vegetation and substrates on which two species of Anolis lizards perch in urban and natural forest sites in Miami, FL. We also experimentally assessed habitat preference in the lab to establish the mechanism behind habitat selection. We found that vegetation was broader in urban areas compared to natural habitats, and artificial structures in urban areas were more than twice the diameter of available natural perches. Lizards expressed their preference for broad perches by selecting broader vegetation and artificial structures compared to their availability in both habitats. With the increased availability of broad substrates in urban areas, perch diameters selected by lizards resulted in an expansion of this aspect of the structural habitat niche for both species. The two species differed, however, in other responses to altered urban habitats. Anolis cristatellus tended to avoid artificial substrates, whereas A. sagrei used both natural and artificial structures in proportion to their availabilities. This study provides a mechanistic explanation for how urbanization alters structural habitats, leading to niche expansion for organisms living in cities.
(JP5660473) PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a water purification cartridge and a water purifier, in which the water purifier has a hollow fiber membrane module and the outer surface of a hollow fiber membrane of the hollow fiber membrane module can be cleaned to reduce the running cost when water is purified.SOLUTION: A water purifier 1 has a hollow fiber membrane module 10 which is fixed to one end of a cylindrical case 31 while keeping the ends of a hollow fiber membrane 16 in opened states. A cleaning liquid supply port 40 and a cleaning liquid discharge port 34, which are used for cleaning the outer surface of the hollow fiber membrane, are arranged on the cylindrical case 31. A liquid chemical of the amount enough to fill the cylindrical case 31 therewith is supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port 40, the cleaning liquid discharge port 34 is arranged on the side face of the cylindrical case 31 near a hollow fiber membrane fixed part, and a cleaning on-off valve 38 is arranged on the cleaning liquid discharge port 34. Since the clogged hollow fiber membrane 16 can be regenerated and the water purification cartridge 6 can be used for a long period of time, the running cost can be reduced when water is purified.
Bonanthava, K.;Nayak, T.;Bitra, S.;Rachwalski, M.;Shetty, P. N.
来源期刊：International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
年/卷/期：2019 / 48 / 3
Nasoalveolar moulding is a presurgical orthopaedic technique used to improve the outcomes of bilateral clefts. However, the lack of a validated scale tailored to bilateral clefts makes it difficult to quantify the merits of nasoalveolar moulding and compare it to other techniques. In this study, a recently published anatomical subunit scale was used to evaluate and compare the early effects of nasoalveolar moulding. Two groups of similarly treated bilateral cleft patients were included: one in which patients underwent presurgical nasoalveolar moulding and one in which they did not. The nasolabial aesthetics were evaluated on two-dimensional photographs at 6 months post cheiloplasty. Cupid's bow, vermilion symmetry, vermilion notching, premaxillary show at rest, scar aesthetics, columella height, columella height, and bialar width were all significantly better in the nasoalveolar moulding group. Using the new scale, it was found that nasolabial aesthetics at 6 months post cheiloplasty were significantly better in patients who had undergone nasoalveolar moulding in infancy.