Polymer modified bitumen (PMB) pavement have gained significant importance in the twentieth century and they now play a very crucial role in the field of road construction in every part of world. However, due to well-known difficulties related to the poor solubility of polymers, high temperature stability, sever manufacturing condition and high polymer cost restricts the use of polymer for bitumen modification. To overcome all these difficulties the present study has attempted to demonstrate a new approach where in situ polymerization of monomers bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalamide (BHETA) (which is synthesized from aminolysis reaction of waste Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET)) with diphenylmethane-diisocyanate (MDI) in the body of bitumen for the development of polyurethane based Polymer modified bitumen (BHETA-PU). The resulting BHETA-PU product is comparable performance under laboratory condition with conventional styrene butadiene styrene (SBS) based PMB. To investigate the modified bitumen properties and mixture properties, conventional binder tests (Penetration, Softening Point, Marshall Stability, Hot water Stripping & short-term aging test) and Superpave binder tests (Rotational Viscosity, Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR), Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR) were carried out. The result reveals that BHETA-PU show significant improvement of antistripping as well as other physico-chemical properties and Marshall Stabilities. This research studies, therefore, suggests not only a new method for making PMB based on PET but also opens a new chapter for the recycling of waste PET in bitumen concrete roads which may help in easy disposal of waste PET polymer.
In order to obtain a comprehensive high-performance polymer material that satisfies the application require- ments under complex working conditions such as thermal field, friction or even damage, in this work, the core- shell structure of Silica sol modified Diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) @Epoxy resin (EP) / F atoms-con- tained-amine (F-A) hybrid was successfully synthesized. After the obtained microsphere material was added as reinforcing filler to the EP substrate, we performed mechanical, tribological, self-repairing and thermal prop- erties characterization. In particular, the resulting composite has a coefficient of friction of only about 0.13 and a thermal conductivity better than 0.2 W / (m K). Here, we provide a new mechanism for efficient self-healing of materials damaged under friction conditions, and impart lubricity and unprecedented heat resistance to the material.
Novel poly(carbonate-co-amide) (PCA) block copolymers are prepared with polycarbonate diol (PCD) as soft segments, polyamide-6 (PA6) as hard segments and 4,4’-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) as coupling agent through reactive processing. The reactive processing strategy is eco-friendly and resolve the incompatibility between polyamide segments and PCD segments in preparation processing. The chemical structure, crystalline properties, thermal properties, mechanical properties and water resistance were extensively studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Thermal gravity analysis (TGA), Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), tensile testing, water contact angle and water absorption, respectively. The as-prepared PCAs exhibit obvious microphase separation between the crystalline hard PA6 phase and amorphous PCD soft segments. Meanwhile, PCAs showed outstanding mechanical with the maximum tensile strength of 46.3 MPa and elongation at break of 909%. The contact angle and water absorption results indicate that PCAs demonstrate outstanding water resistance even though possess the hydrophilic surfaces. The TGA measurements prove that the thermal stability of PCA can satisfy the requirement of multiple-processing without decomposition.