来源期刊：Jane s intelligence review: IHS Jane s intelligence review
年/卷/期：2019 / 31 / 3
In mid-2018 two vendors began to sell EU asylum access and medical and police identification cards on Undermarket, a dark web market that hosts vendors selling drugs, fraudulent credit cards, hacking services, and other illicit goods. A survey of open web sites by Jane's found multiple comments by users questioning the reliability of Undermarket as a site, with many claiming that it was a scam. Undermarket is much smaller than first-tier aggregate markets such as Dream Market and the likelihood of scamming is high. However, Jane's did not attempt to verify the services on offer on Undermarket.
Background: Family-based weight loss treatment (FBT) for childhood obesity, the current "gold standard," is typically provided in weekly groups for 6 months. Although this program is considered effective, it poses limitations to treatment engagement, due to time commitment and lack of widespread availability. A guided self-help version of FBT (gshFBT; eleven 20-minute sessions and one 1-hour over 5 months) was developed to circumvent such limitations. The current study examined the comparative efficacy of a 5-month FBT and gshFBT program.Methods: Participants included 50 parent-child dyads enrolled in FBT between 2011 and 2013 and 50 parent-child dyads enrolled in gshFBT between 2009 and 2010. Data were collected at baseline, posttreatment, and 6-month follow-up. Noninferiority analyses were conducted to assess comparative efficacy of changes in parent and child weight status, child nutrition, child physical activity, and drop-out.Results: Results indicated that gshFBT was noninferior to FBT in changes in child BMI z-score, overweight parent BMI, child nutritional intake, child vigorous physical activity, and drop-out. Results did not support noninferiority for changes in moderate to vigorous physical activity.Conclusions: gshFBT is less intensive, more flexible, and may be similarly effective to FBT and could reach a greater proportion of the pediatric overweight population. Further research, including a randomized clinical trial, is needed to confirm these results.
(JP2016193509) PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a gas-barrier packaging material that exhibits high oxygen barrier properties and water vapor barrier properties even if an inorganic vapor-deposited layer is not disposed.SOLUTION: A gas-barrier packaging material 10 includes a barrier layer 3. When an infrared absorption spectrum of the barrier layer 3 is measured, a ratio (α/β) of a maximum peak height (β) of light absorption within a range of 1490-1659 cmand a maximum peak height (α) of light absorption within a range of 1300-1490 cmis 0.6 or more, a ratio (β/γ) of a maximum peak height (γ) of light absorption within a range of 1660-1750 cmand the maximum peak height (β) is 1.0 or more, and the ammonia content is 2000 μg or less per 100 cm.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 1