This invention relates to processes for the production of purified, partially esterified polyol fatty acid polyesters and the compositions derived from those processes. The purified, partially esterified polyol fatty acid polyesters of the present invention are particularly well suited for use in a variety of food, beverage, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic applications. The compositions comprise less than about 5 % by dry weight of polyol; less than about 5 ppm of residual solvent; less than about 700 ppm of lower alky esters; less than about 5 % by dry weight of a soap and free fatty acid mixture; less than about 3 % by dry weight of ash. Furthermore these compositions have an acid value of less than about 6.
A method is disclosed for the treatment of a liquid, in particular a mineral oil, for increasing the portion of low-boiling fractions. The treatment comprises generating pressure waves having a first frequency, subjecting the liquid to said pressure waves in a region of application and feeding the so-treated liquid to a tank. At least one pipe flowed through by the treated liquid and immediately following said region of application is excited to oscillations of a second frequency, which is the resonance frequency of the excited system.
Disclosed is a method and device for preparing a high temperature water vapour rich in active particles using plasma, the device comprising a plasma generator (1) and a high temperature vapour generator (2), wherein the middle of one end of the high temperature vapour generator (2) is provided with a high temperature plasma inlet (4) in communication with an outlet (1b) of the plasma generator (1); the plasma generator (1) has an inlet (1a) for non-oxidizing gases; the high temperature plasma inlet (4) is surrounded by an annular vapour inlet (3d), which annular vapour inlet (3d) has rotary guide blades (7) mounted therein. The casing of the high temperature vapour generator (2) has a shape of stepped increasing stages divided into 1-4 stage(s), and an annular narrow orifice (3a, 3b, 3c) for vapour entrance is provided between two adjacent casing parts at each stage, with the annular narrow orifice (3a, 3b, 3c) connected to a vapour pressure feeding device (3). The method comprises the steps of: spraying the prepared vapour and the high temperature plasma working materials ionized by the plasma generator (1) into the high temperature vapour generator (2) through their respective inlets, intensively mixing the high temperature vapour and the high temperature plasma, and heating and activating the vapour so as to form the vapour with active particles.
An apparatus is provided for manipulating droplets. The apparatus is a single-sided electrode design in which all conductive elements are contained on one surface on which droplets are manipulated. An additional surface can be provided parallel with the first surface for the purpose of containing the droplets to be manipulated. Droplets are manipulated by performing electrowetting-based techniques in which electrodes contained on or embedded in the first surface are sequentially energized and de-energized in a controlled manner. The apparatus enables a number of droplet manipulation processes, including merging and mixing two droplets together, splitting a droplet into two or more droplets, sampling a continuous liquid flow by forming from the flow individually controllable droplets, and iterative binary or digital mixing of droplets to obtain a desired mixing ratio.
Devices and methods for spinning food and beverage containers to accelerate heat transfer between the container and its surroundings is provided. The devices include a cylindrical sleeve which positively engages one end of a container, where the cylindrical sleeve is capable of holding an end of a can, an end of a bottle, or both. The cylindrical sleeve is connected to a shaft which in turn is connected to a rotating device, or the shaft is capable of being connected to a rotating device. Cans or bottles are held by the cylindrical sleeve of the inventive devices and are rotated in a heated or cooled medium which increases the rate of heat transfer between the contents of the can or bottle and the medium.
The present invention provides a method of regenerating abrasives can be recycled abrasive grinding material used to collect recycled abrasives high purity in a simple way. Regeneration method abrasives will regenerate from abrasive slurry of abrasive used, wherein, abrasives include at least one type of abrasive material selected from the group consisting diamond, boron nitride, silicon carbide, aluminum oxide, aluminum oxide, zircon, zircon oxide and mixed oxide, at the same time, the regeneration abrasives include the following steps: record suspensions (A) to the abrasive slurry is discharged from polishing machines, and make her separation (B) to the inorganic salts are alkaline earth metal salt in an abrasive slurry was collected to make agglomerated abrasives and separating her and abrasives from the water, collected abrasives (C) to recover abrasives were separated and she was doing, and she secondary (D) to the filter material was grinding her.
PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a compound that improves dispersibility of color pigments in a non-water-soluble solvent and a pigment dispersing agent, and also provide a pigment composition, a pigment dispersion, and a toner which have satisfactory tinting strength.
SOLUTION: The present invention relates to a compound having a structure in which a polymer is bonded to an azo skeleton structure. The present invention further relates to a pigment dispersing agent, a pigment composition, a pigment dispersion and a toner each containing the compound.
A method of reducing hydrogen sulfide content in a medium is disclosed. The method may include the steps of contacting a medium containing hydrogen sulfide with an effective amount of hydrogen peroxide, contacting the medium with an oxidizing agent, converting the hydrogen sulfide to sulfate, and reducing the hydrogen sulfide content in the medium. The medium may be a gas or a liquid.
A deodorizer system for cleaning polluted gas is provided. The system includes a first deodorizer sub-system including a first tank containing cleaning first fluid therein, a first diffractive plate disposed above the first tank, a first eliminator installed above the first diffractive plate, and a second deodorizer sub-system disposed above the first deodorizer sub-system, wherein the second deodorizer sub-system includes a distribution plate, a second tank containing second fluid, a second diffractive plate installed above the distribute plate, a multi-filter installed above the second diffractive plate; and a second eliminator installed above the multi-filter.
[PROBLEM] To provide a lecithin or lecithin preparation of which resistance to heat discoloration is achieved without significant change of the phospholipid composition of the lecithin nor of the oligosaccharide content; and a method for producing the same. [SOLUTION] A lecithin or lecithin preparation obtained by bringing a lecithin into contact with an adsorbent and removing the adsorbent, the lecithin or lecithin preparation having resistance to heat discoloration and having an oligosaccharide content being 50% by mass or more of the content before the contact with the adsorbent.